|Based||Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom|
|Founded||1922 (Sir William Lyons and William Walmsley)|
|Key People||Cyrus P. Mistry|
|Industry||Luxury and Sports Cars|
|Formula E Record|
|Début||2016 Hong Kong ePrix|
|Total Entries||24 (24 Starts)|
|Car||Jaguar I-Type 1|
As a manufacturer, Jaguar have partnered with Williams Advanced Engineering to build their first Formula E car, the Jaguar I-Type 1, which will be run exclusively by the reincarnated Jaguar Racing team.
One of the oldest marques still building cars, Jaguar can trace their heritage back to the Swallow Sidecar Company, formed in 1922 by William Lyons and William Walmsley, although the latter would sell his half of the business in 1934. Lyons then began selling shares to the public, forming S.S. Cars Limited, with the name Jaguar first applied to a 2.5 litre saloon which would become the company's best seller in 1935. A brief few years of trading would follow until the start of the Second World War, with Jaguar, like many a British manufacturer, drafted into the war effort.
Pedigree and PerformanceEdit
A board meeting on the 23rd of March 1945 proved to be the turning point for the company, with Lyons getting unanimous agreement to change the name to Jaguar Cars Limited. A quick series of sales saw Jaguar sell off their bodywork departments, only retaining design staff, with the firm taking over the Standard Motor Company instead. It was a fateful decision, for Lyons had spent time during the war to design a legendary engine which would power his cars in some form or another for the next 50 years.
It was at this point where Jaguar began to flirt with motorsport, using the funds from their spectacular sports car sales to build the legendary C and D-Types. Those two cars would seal Jaguar's place in automotive history, with the factory blessed efforts taking victory in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1951, 1953 and 1955, with two privateer triumphs in 1956 and 1957. The D-Type was also heralded for being the first car to use disc brakes at Le Mans, a development that would soon appear in Jaguar's road cars.
The success of their sports car programmes, which were ultimately blended into the E-Type in 1961, pushed the company back into the realm of producing large saloon cars. Again, Lyons' engine would be the beating heart of the new beasts (as well as the E-Type), with numerous drivers taking the venerable Jaguar Mk II into battle in the early years of the British Saloon Car Championship. The company was going from strength to strength, until their major suppliers were all bought by the British Motor Corporation, a move Jaguar were forced to follow in 1965.
Battles and BrandsEdit
From the late 1960s, Jaguar would become as much of a brand as it would be a car builder, with the beast that was to become British Layland scrapping any attempts for the luxury car firm to look at racing. The 1980s proved to be happier times, with Jaguar going back into private hands, followed by a huge spike in sales, a result of better suited management. They would also get the chance to go racing again, with the Jaguar XJ-S becoming a flagship in the Touring Car scene, taking the European Touring Car Championship title of 1984. The firm would also return to Le Mans, with the XJ-R programme, a semi-factory blessed effort, taking numerous wins in the World Sportscar Championship as well as the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1988 and 1990.
Yet, the firm would be sold to another large corporation, this time going off to American hands at the end of 1989 when Ford bought a majority of the firm's shares. United with Land Rover, and associated with Aston Martin, Jaguar would once again return to simply being a badge, although Ford did try to get the firm racing once again. Having bought out Stewart Grand Prix in 1999, Ford slapped Jaguar Racing with the task of going to battle in Formula One, although the programme would never challenge for victory in its four years of existence.
Ford grew tired of supporting their British firms, and when Tata Motors of India agreed to pay in excess of a £1 billion for their major British marques, the American firm took the money. Jaguar were partnered off with Land Rover to form Jaguar-Land Rover, with a total bill of £1.7 billion seeing numerous other names swap hands. The change in ownership once again saw the British firm hit profit once again, with the firm basing its main operations in Birmingham with Indian funding.
With profit once again in hand, and the F-Type going from strength to strength, Tata gave Jaguar permission to get into motorsport once again, and with numerous hybrid/electric concept cars in its museum, there would only be one realistic choice for the British firm's designers.
Formula E HistoryEdit
The announcement that Jaguar Cars, and their old Jaguar Racing effort would enter into the Formula E Championship came as a complete shock, just days after the Trulli Formula E Team and Motomatica had pulled out. Yet, on the 15th of December 2015 the British firm outlined their intention to enter the series, with Williams Advanced Engineering, who were already involved in FE, announced as their main technical partner. Their new car, christened the Jaguar I-Type 1 would pass the homologation process in February 2016, with the car beginning a gruelling test programme from March 2016 onwards.
The car itself would make its public debut at the 2016 Donington Test, with four different drivers asked to test the car, all hoping to get race seats. Ultimately, Adam Carroll and Mitch Evans would get the call, with both drivers able to put in respectable performances at the Donington Test without any major reliability issues. Jaguar Racing then made their official launch on the 8th of September 2016, where they announced that Panasonic would be their title sponsor.
Jaguar I-Type 1Edit
Main Article: Jaguar I-Type 1.
The firm's first product would be the Jaguar I-Type 1, which would feature Jaguar's first all-electric powertrain, with Williams focusing on energy recovery systems. Otherwise, the car would use the same basic Spark-Renault chassis as everyone else in the 2016/17 season, with the car set to make its racing bow at the 2016 Hong Kong ePrix.
Videos and Images:
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 'Jaguar returns to global motor sport', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/12/2015), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2015/december/jaguar-returns-to-racing.aspx, (Accessed 15/12/2015)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 'CARROLL AND EVANS CONFIRMED AT JAGUAR RACING: PANASONIC JAGUAR RACING REVEAL NEW LIVERY AND TITLE SPONSOR', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 08/09/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/september/carroll-and-evans-confirmed-at-jaguar-racing/, (Accessed 11/09/2016)
- ↑ 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 'Jaguar Cars', wikipedia.org, (Wikipedia, 04/09/2016), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaguar_Cars, (Accessed 12/09/2016)
- ↑ 'JAGUAR IMAGES TAKEN FROM INITIAL TEST RUN', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 30/05/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/may/first-pictures-of-jaguar-formula-e-car/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)