|2018 New York City E-Prix II|
The extended Brooklyn Street Circuit for 2018.
|Date||15 July 2018|
|Official Name||2018 Qatar Airways New York City E-Prix|
|Location||Brooklyn Street Circuit, New York, USA|
|Lap length||2.373 km (1.474 mi)|
|Distance||43 laps / 102.039 km (63.404 mi)|
|Pole Sitter||Sébastien Buemi|
|Team||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler|
|Fastest Lap||1:15.552 on lap 15|
|Jean-Éric Vergne||Lucas di Grassi||Daniel Abt|
|2018 New York City E-Prix I||2018 Ad Diriyah E-Prix|
Qualifying ultimately all four Techeetah and Audi ABT drivers make it into Super Pole, although all four were beaten to pole by season two Champion Sébastien Buemi. Indeed, in a wet session the Swiss racer would just edge out André Lotterer for top spot, while a mistake for Lucas di Grassi saw him qualify in fifth behind teammate Daniel Abt.
Unfortunately the Teams' title would be effectively decided before the start, for Lotterer launched away from the grid fractions of a second before the lights went out. The German was later slapped with a ten second stop-go penalty, although even jumping the start was not enough to keep teammate Vergne at bay. Indeed, the newly crowned Champion got a stunning start from third to attack Buemi into the first corner, and duly snatched the lead with a dive inside the Swiss racer into the first corner.
A tense opening to the race would see Abt make up for his poor start by re-taking fifth from Nelson Piquet Jr., while teammate di Grassi hounded the back of Lotterer and Buemi. Indeed, things were fairly even at the front until a FCY was thrown to recover José María López from the circuit after the Argentine smashed his suspension on a kerb.
Things got worse for Dragon Racing a few moments later, for Jérôme d'Ambrosio was to be taken out by Luca Filippi, who had himself been put into the path of the Belgian by António Félix da Costa. The former duo were out with heavy front end damage, while da Costa was slapped with a time penalty for causing a collision.
The race got back underway on lap eleven, with Lotterer immediately diving into the pits to serve his stop-go penalty. That allowed di Grassi to go surging past Buemi with little resistance, before the Swiss racer was taken by Abt a few laps later.
The final FE car swaps happened without issue on laps 23/24, meaning it was a straight fight between di Grassi and Vergne for victory, while Abt tried to desperately to keep Buemi at bay and save energy having stopped a lap early. Lotterer, meanwhile, was charging hard to climb back into the top ten, knowing that he needed to finish in eighth, with fastest lap, to secure Techeetah the title if things stayed the same out front.
Ultimately, however, the order would stay the same at the head of the field, although Vergne had to defend heavily from di Grassi on the final lap, as did Abt to retain third. Lotterer, meanwhile, fell just a few seconds shy of eighth placed Nick Heidfeld at the chequered flag, meaning Techeetah lost out on the Teams' Championship by just two points.
The race itself would also be significant for a number of final appearances, most notably for the Spark-Renault SRT_01E race car, which had served the series since the inaugural 2014 Beijing ePrix. It was also the final race for manufacturers Renault, who, in partnership with e.Dams, had been unbeaten in the Teams' Championship until 2017/18.
Formula E had returned to New York City for the 2017/18 season finale, a change to the original schedule after the mid-season cancellation of the Montreal E-Prix. As such, the Brooklyn Street Circuit near the harbour had been re-imagined for the 2017/18 finale, with around half a kilometre of circuit added after the start line. The new section included a left-hander followed by three 90° rights and an additional sweep onto the back straight, with the aim of increasing the number of overtaking opportunities.
In terms of the entry list there would be one late change, for NIO were told by lead driver Oliver Turvey that he was unable to race. The Brit had damaged his hand during an accident in FP2 for the Saturday race, and so NIO were forced to replace him on the grounds of force majeure, for FE's rules forbade teams replacing drivers during the final two races. They duly called upon reserve driver Ma Qing Hua to use the Brit's #16 pair of cars, although the Chinese racer had to borrow temporary teammate Luca Filippi's spare helmet to do so.
Into the Championship and a fifth place on Saturday had proved enough for Jean-Éric Vergne to claim his maiden FE crown, for Sam Bird had ended the afternoon 33 points behind the Frenchman with only 29 left in play. Indeed, the Brit's miserable performance left him on the verge of losing second, for Lucas di Grassi had moved within 16 points of the Brit, and with arguably the fastest car in New York. Sébastien Buemi was in fourth ahead of Daniel Abt, whom had knocked Felix Rosenqvist out of the top five with one race to go.
In contrast the title fight in the Teams' Championship was well an truly alive, with Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler closing the gap to Techeetah at the head of the field. Indeed, with just five points separating the two the title fight was wide open, with those two the class of the field based on raw pace. Elsewhere, DS Virgin Racing were hanging onto third ahead of Mahindra Racing and Renault e.Dams, with the latter slipping ahead of Jaguar Racing to break the top five.
The full entry list for the 2018 New York City E-Prix II is displayed below:
Qualifying in New York City would follow the conventional pattern establish in 2017/18, with the field split into four groups of five based on Championship position. Each group would then get six minutes to set a single full power (200kwh) lap, with the top five overall then proceeding to the Super Pole Shootout. Each drive in the top five would then go out, one-by-one, to set a second lap to try and grab pole, with the rest of the field arranged based on their times from the group stage.
Group one would feature the lowest five in the Championship, with the returning Ma Qing Hua replacing the injured Oliver Turvey. Also on track would be Edoardo Mortara's stand-in Tom Dillmann, Ma's NIO teammate Luca Filippi and Stéphane Sarrazin. Completing the quintet would be Nicolas Prost, with all five having to battle with a damp Brooklyn Street Circuit.
Dillmann was the first to jump out of the pits, with himself, Ma and Filippi leaving together before Prost and Sarrazin joined in a few moments later. Dillmann was the first to set a flying lap, although his effort was instantly trounced by Sarrazin, who just fell shy of the 1:18.000s. Filippi and Prost were next but were slower than Dillmann, while Ma slapped the wall at the start of his flying lap, breaking the right-rear suspension.
The second quintet would feature the top five in the Championship, with soon-to-be crowned Jean-Éric Vergne taking on both Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler drivers to try and secure pole for Techeetah. Indeed, both Lucas di Grassi and Daniel Abt would be in action to try and close the gap between the two teams to just two points ahead of the race, with the Audi one of the fastest in the field. The defeated Sam Bird, and season two Champion Sébastien Buemi, completed the group with nothing to fight for.
Buemi was the first driver two head out, with the rest of the quintet waiting a few more seconds to head out onto the damp circuit. Vergne, meanwhile, would go second fastest overall on his warm-up lap, before Buemi went fastest overall with a 1:18.139 for Renault e.Dams. di Grassi then went top overall with a 1:17.867, with Abt, Vergne and Bird all slotting in behind Buemi in the 1:18.000s.
The third group of the session would feature those in the third quarter of the Championship, headlined by Alex Lynn whom had taken pole in 2017. Yet, while the conditions seemed to be improving, the DS Virgin had not looked particularly strong in 2018, meaning the Brit was set to missout on Super Pole. Joining him on circuit would be Maro Engel, José María López, Jérôme d'Ambrosio and António Félix da Costa, all of whom hoped that the improving conditions would give them an unexpected shot at Super Pole.
Unfortunately for da Costa his session was over the moment he left the pits, a mechanical issue denying him a chance of setting a time at all. On-track, meanwhile, Lynn put together a slow but clean lap to go tenth, only to get relegated down the order by d'Ambrosio and López. Engel was the last man of the group to set a time, although the German managed to find every puddle during his lap to drop in just ahead of Lynn in twelfth.
The final five featured the second of the Techeetahs, with André Lotterer the headline act of the quintet. He was to be joined on circuit by Felix Rosenqvist, whose miserable end to the season looked set to continue, as well as his teammate Nick Heidfeld. Completing the final quintet would be the two Jaguars of Mitch Evans and Nelson Piquet Jr., with the improving conditions suggesting that they would be forming the Super Pole shootout.
Yet, the temperatures were still on the cool side as Rosenqvist hit the circuit ahead of teammate Heidfeld, with a few drops of rain adding to their frustrations. As such everyone bar Lotterer would fall shy of Super Pole, with the German going third overall to knock Bird out of Super Pole. The two Jaguars then got ahead of Bird, Evans ahead of Piquet, with Rosenqvist and Heidfeld ended the session eighth and fourteenth.
Champion Vergne was the first man out to set his time in Super Pole, with the circuit looking slighting drier in spite of the return of the darker clouds around the circuit. The Frenchman put together a clean effort, bar a minor brush with the inside wall at turn five, resulting in a 1:18.031, a time that suggested that the circuit had indeed improved. Abt went next and duly improved on his time from the group stage, but was a tenth off of the Frenchman, meaning it was first blood to Techeetah.
Next out was Lotterer, who duly eeked out another few thousandths of a second from his teammate's time to claim provisional pole with a 1:18.013. He was followed by Buemi, and an ultra smooth lap from the Swiss ace saw him shoot to the head of the field with a 1:17.973. di Grassi duly went out to try and snatch pole from the Swiss racer, only to throw away his effort by slapping the wall at turn two, meaning he ended the session without a time. Ergo Buemi was the man on pole, with the two Techeetahs ahead of the two Audis as they duelled for the Teams' Championship.
The final qualifying result for the 2018 New York City E-Prix II are outlined below:
|2018 New York City E-Prix II Qualifying Result|
|1st||9||Sébastien Buemi||Renault e.Dams||1:17.973||—||1|
|4th||66||Daniel Abt||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||1:18.145||+0.172s||4|
|5th||1||Lucas di Grassi||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||—||5|
|1st||1||Lucas di Grassi||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||1:17.867||—||SP|
|2nd||9||Sébastien Buemi||Renault e.Dams||1:18.139||+0.272s||SP|
|4th||66||Daniel Abt||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||1:18.432||+0.565s||SP|
|6th||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||1:18.580||+0.713s||6|
|7th||3||Nelson Piquet Jr.||Jaguar Racing||1:18.704||+0.837s||7|
|8th||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||1:18.794||+0.927s||8|
|9th||19||Felix Rosenqvist||Mahindra Racing||1:18.828||+0.961s||9|
|10th||27||Stéphane Sarrazin||Andretti Formula E||1:19.017||+1.150s||10|
|11th||6||José María López||Dragon Racing||1:19.114||+1.247s||11|
|12th||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||1:19.124||+1.257s||12|
|13th||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||1:19.168||+1.301s||13|
|14th||4||Tom Dillmann||Venturi Formula E Team||1:19.365||+1.498s||14|
|15th||68||Luca Filippi||NIO Formula E Team||1:19.454||+1.587s||15|
|16th||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||1:19.529||+1.662s||16|
|17th||5||Maro Engel||Venturi Formula E Team||1:19.540||+1.673s||17|
|18th*||36||Alex Lynn||DS Virgin Racing||1:19.658||+1.791s||19|
|19th||16||Ma Qing Hua||NIO Formula E Team||1:26.068||+8.219s||18|
|NC†||28||António Félix da Costa||Andretti Formula E||—||20|
- * Lynn handed a ten place grid penalty for changing a gearbox.
- † da Costa was allowed to start the race at the stewards' discretion.
The pre-qualifying rain had drifted away from the Brooklyn Street Circuit ahead of the E-Prix, with most of the standing water also evaporating away. Indeed, barring a few puddles, one of which was located right in the middle of Nelson Piquet Jr.'s "dummy" grid slot, the Brooklyn circuit was completely dry, meaning FE continued its run of 45 dry races. Regardless, all twenty drivers were ready for the final E-Prix of the season, with the small matter of the Teams' Championship to resolved across 43 laps.
Unfortunately the title fight for the Teams' Championship would be decided moments before the start, for André Lotterer misjudged his clutch release and duly jumped the start. His teammate Jean-Éric Vergne reacted quickest and duly leapt off the grid too, although his reaction came just as the lights went out. Lotterer, knowing that he had jumped too soon contrived to stay in third, while Vergne weaved around behind pole sitter Sébastien Buemi, before scything inside the Swiss racer into the first corner to claim the lead.
Elsewhere, a poor start for Daniel Abt saw the German racer drop to sixth behind Piquet, whose Jaguar crew cannily placed his car to avoid the puddle on his grid slot, before Felix Rosenqvist dived ahead of the #66 Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler into the turn eleven/twelve chicane. Abt would get back past the latter later on during the opening tour, while Alex Lynn served his ten second stop-go penalty having been unable to serve his full grid penalty. The rest of the opening lap and a half would pass without issue, although Buemi would have to defend heavily from Lotterer as the pair hit the brakes for turn eleven/twelve for the second time.
Out front, meanwhile, Vergne would hold a comfortable lead over Buemi and Lotterer behind, although both himself and Lotterer were put under investigation for jumping the start. Behind, Lucas di Grassi was eyeing a move on Lotterer, having just been denied a move on the German after the latter's dive at Buemi, while Piquet had a small advantage over Abt. The rest of the field filtered through without issue, with Jérôme d'Ambrosio and Maro Engel fighting particularly hard at the back of the top ten.
The early laps, however, would be bereft of on-track action, with attention instead focused on replays showing the starts of Lotterer and Vergne. Indeed, it took until lap four for the order to be changed, with Mitch Evans diving past Rosenqvist into turn six, only for the Swede to hold onto seventh via some heavy defending into the 90° left. One lap later and Lotterer, still awaiting news of a potential penalty, sent his Techeetah skating inside the sister car of Buemi into turn eleven/twelve, while di Grassi picked up some minor front wing damage as he tried to get inside the Renault e.Dams as well.
A few laps later and Dragon's season was to come to a premature end, first José María López stopping out on circuit with a suspension failure. Then, as a FCY was thrown to recover the Argentine's car, d'Ambrosio was taken out of the race by Luca Filippi, who was spun into the Belgian by an overly aggressive António Félix da Costa into turn eleven/twelve. d'Ambrosio was out on the spot with heavy front end damage, Filippi out after dragging his car back to the pits, and da Costa slapped with a penalty for causing an avoidable collision.
It would take four laps for the various parts of Dragon to be dragged away from the circuit, by which time it was confirmed that Lotterer had jumped the start and Vergne had not. The German was slapped with a ten second stop-go penalty, which he duly served at the end of lap eleven, with the race restarting on the same lap. Lotterer's demise promoted di Grassi into third and Abt, still stuck behind Piquet, into fifth, leaving Audi just five points shy of the point score they needed to overhaul Techeetah with Vergne still leading.
Lotterer rejoined down at the back of the field, and was over twenty seconds off of tenth place as he got back up to speed ahead of Lynn and da Costa. On track, meanwhile, Evans had caught Rosenqvist sleeping at the restart to grab sixth, while di Grassi and Abt were harassing Buemi and Piquet respectively. Ultimately, a two identical dives by the Audi's down the inside of the turn eleven/twelve chicane did the business on lap twelve, putting di Grassi up to second, and Abt into fourth.
One lap later and Audi were ahead of Techeetah, courtesy of Abt setting the fastest lap as he pushed to catch Buemi and claim third. Behind, Piquet was slipping back towards teammate Evans, whom had both Mahindras up behind him as Jaguar and Mahindra scrapped for fourth in the Championship. Indeed, it would develop into an intense four way scrap between them as the pitstop window approached, with Evans having to defend heavily into turn six several times to keep Rosenqvist at bay.
Heading into the pitwindow and Evans passed Piquet in a perfectly choreographed move, the Brazilian moving to the inside of turn eleven/twelve to gift the Kiwi fifth without allowing Rosenqvist or Nick Heidfeld through. Yet, the ploy only delayed the inevitable, for Rosenqvist had enough momentum to barnstorm past Piquet into turn fourteen, the Swede diving inside the Brazilian through the final corner. Up ahead, meanwhile, Abt had caught onto the back of Buemi, and duly went lunging past the Swiss racer to claim third, pulling Audi four points clear of Techeetah in the Teams' Championship.
Yet, in pushing to catch the leaders Abt had burned through his energy a lap earlier than those around him, meaning he had to stop on lap 22. A rather confused German racer, whom had been told he was on the same strategy as teammate di Grassi, led in Evans, Rosenqvist, Heidfeld, Sam Bird and da Costa, but crucially rejoined in clear air. The rest of the field then stopped at the end of lap 23, with the order largely unchanged bar the fact that Rosenqvist had jumped Evans for fifth.
After the stops it was Buemi who was on the offensive, the Swiss racer using FanBoost to launch a successful attack on Abt into turn eleven/twelve, duly snatching third. That, combined with the fact that Abt would have to conserve more energy than his competitors in the latter stages due to his early stop, handed the initiative to Techeetah in the Teams' Championship. Further aiding their cause was the fact that Lotterer had gained a significant amount of time during the stops, with the German just a few seconds off the top ten with fifteen laps to run.
Unfortunately for Techeetah their hopes of the Teams' Championship would fade fairly soon after that, for Abt managed to get back ahead of Buemi, while Lotterer was not really catching the Jaguar/Mahindra fight covering fifth to eighth. It was that fight that took most of the attention for the time being, with Heidfeld diving past Piquet into turn eleven/twelve, only for the Brazilian to try and re-take the position with an audacious move around the outside of the final corner. Lotterer, meanwhile, would pick his way past Nicolas Prost and Stéphane Sarrazin to move into the top ten as, out front, di Grassi closed in on freshly crowned Champion Vergne.
Indeed with five laps to go it seemed as if di Grassi was going to claim victory, with the Brazilian weaving around in the Frenchman's mirrors to try and catch him out. Behind, meanwhile, all hopes of Abt running out of energy faded as the German got over his energy deficit without losing out to Buemi, with those two even beginning to catch the lead pair as the final laps ticked away. Further back, meanwhile, Lotterer dealt with Bird with ease to claim ninth, but would need to close onto the back of Piquet at a rate of three seconds a lap to catch the Brazilian with three laps to go.
Ultimately, however, there would be no changes at the head of the field, with Vergne claiming victory from di Grassi and Abt, with Buemi coming home fourth. Behind, Rosenqvist pulled clear of the Jaguars to finish a lonely fifth, while Piquet got back ahead of Heidfeld on the penultimate lap to finish in seventh behind Evans. Lotterer, meanwhile, would fall shy of eighth place by four seconds, meaning Audi claimed the Teams' Championship by just two points on the final day of the 2017/18 ABB FIA Formula E Championship.
The final classification of the 2018 New York City E-Prix II is displayed below, with the fastest lap setter indicated in italics, and the pole sitter shown in bold:
|2018 New York City E-Prix II Race Result|
|Pos.||No.||Name||Team||Laps||Race Time||Fastest lap||Pts.|
|2nd||1||Lucas di Grassi||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||43||+0.508s||1:15.866||18|
|3rd||66||Daniel Abt||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||43||+1.287s||1:15.552||16|
|4th||9||Sébastien Buemi||Renault e.Dams||43||+1.780s||1:16.207||15|
|5th||19||Felix Rosenqvist||Mahindra Racing||43||+12.146s||1:16.251||10|
|6th||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||43||+20.050s||1:16.175||8|
|7th||3||Nelson Piquet Jr.||Jaguar Racing||43||+20.592s||1:16.434||6|
|8th||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||43||+24.275s||1:16.107||4|
|10th||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||43||+32.810s||1:16.538||1|
|11th||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||43||+34.100s||1:16.917|
|12th||27||Stéphane Sarrazin||Andretti Formula E||43||+34.594s||1:17.042|
|13th||16||Ma Qing Hua||NIO Formula E Team||42||+1 Lap||1:17.079|
|14th||36||Alex Lynn||DS Virgin Racing||42||+1 Lap||1:16.951|
|15th||28||António Félix da Costa||Andretti Formula E||40||+3 Laps||1:16.918|
|Ret||5||Maro Engel||Venturi Formula E Team||15||Retired||1:17.360|
|Ret||68||Luca Filippi||NIO Formula E Team||7||Accident||1:19.002|
|Ret||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||6||Accident||1:18.873|
|Ret||6||José María López||Dragon Racing||5||Suspension||1:18.968|
|Ret||4||Tom Dillmann||Venturi Formula E Team||4||Gearbox||1:18.958|
- Indicates a driver was awarded FanBoost during the race.
- Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler become the FIA Formula E Championship Teams' Champions for the first time.
- Final race to feature the Spark-Renault SRT_01E chassis.
- Fourth New York City E-Prix to be staged.
- Renault made their final appearance as a manufacturer.
- Final race for Andretti as an entrant.
- José María López made his twentieth E-Prix start.
- Tenth E-Prix for Tom Dillmann.
- Fifth career win for Jean-Éric Vergne.
- Also Vergne's fifteenth visit to the podium.
- Techeetah earned their fifth victory as an entrant in FE.
- Powertrain suppliers Renault claimed their sixteenth and final victory.
- Lucas di Grassi extended his record streak of consecutive podium finishes to seven.
With the Driver's Championship already resolved in favour of Jean-Éric Vergne, the attention was focused on the battle to be runner-up, with Lucas di Grassi looking more than likely to overhaul Sam Bird. Indeed, the Brazilian's second place finish, with Bird down in ninth, ultimately secured second for di Grassi, continuing his streak of finishing in the top three in every FE season. Bird, meanwhile, had achieved his best end-of-season finish with third, a point behind di Grassi, while Sébastien Buemi and Daniel Abt completed the top five.
In the Teams' Championship it was Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler that prevailed, the German squad's double podium at the finale enough to edge out Techeetah. Indeed, the Chinese privateers had ended the season just two points shy of the Germans, and had secured almost double the points tally of the factory Renault e.Dams team. The triple Champions themselves were down in fifth, with DS Virgin Racing just beating Mahindra Racing for third.
Only point scoring drivers and teams are shown.
Videos and Images:
- ↑ 'Qatar Airways becomes title sponsor of Formula E races', gulf-times.com, (Gulf Times, 23/01/2018), http://www.gulf-times.com/story/579131/Qatar-Airways-becomes-title-sponsor-of-Formula-E-r, (Accessed 23/01/2018)
- ↑ 'More compact Season 4 calendar revealed', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 19/06/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/june/more-compact-season-4-calendar-revealed/, (Accessed 19/06/2017)
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 'Buemi clinches second Pole for New York season finale', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/07/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/july/buemi-clinches-second-pole-for-new-york-season-finale/, (Accessed 16/07/2018)
- ↑ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 'Champion Vergne victorious as Audi scoops the teams' title in New York finale', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/07/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/july/champion-vergne-victorious-as-audi-scoops-the-teams-title-in-new-york-finale/, (Accessed 16/07/2018)
- ↑ John Dagys, 'Montreal Mayor Cancels E-Prix', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 18/12/2017), http://e-racing365.com/formula-e/montreal-mayor-cancels-e-prix/, (Accessed 19/12/2017)
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Chris Stevens, 'New York gets altered layout for 2018 Formula E race', formulaspy.com, (Formula Spy, 01/04/2018),https://formulaspy.com/formula-e/new-york-gets-altered-layout-2018-formula-e-race-52834, (Accessed 11/06/2018)
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 John Dagys, 'Turvey Ruled Out for Weekend; Hua to Sub on Sunday', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 14/07/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/turvey-ruled-out-for-weekend/, (Accessed 15/07/2018)
- ↑ 'Season 4: official team & driver entry list confirmed', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 03/11/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/october/season-4-official-team-driver-entry-list-confirmed/, (Accessed 03/11/2017)
- ↑ 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 9.17 9.18 9.19 9.20 9.21 9.22 9.23 9.24 9.25 9.26 9.27 9.28 9.29 ABB Formula E, 'Qualifying: Sunday | 2018 Qatar Airways New York City E-Prix | ABB FIA Formula E Championship', youtube.com, (YouTube: FIA Formula E Championship, 15/07/2018), https://www.youtube.com/watch?reload=9&v=cDwxUOPlKLU, (Accessed 17/07/2018)
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 'Round 12 - New York City ePrix: Results Booklet', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 16/07/2018), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/03_2017-18/13_R12%20New%20York%20City/85_ABB%20FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/29_R12%20New%20York%20City%20Booklet.pdf, (Accessed 16/07/2018)
- ↑ 'Lynn gets 10-place grid drop ahead of New York Finale', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/07/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/july/lynn-gets-10-place-grid-drop-ahead-of-new-york-finale/, (Accessed 16/07/2018)
- ↑ 12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 12.11 12.12 12.13 12.14 12.15 12.16 12.17 12.18 12.19 12.20 12.21 12.22 12.23 12.24 12.25 12.26 12.27 12.28 12.29 12.30 12.31 12.32 12.33 12.34 12.35 12.36 12.37 12.38 12.39 12.40 12.41 12.42 12.43 12.44 Placeholder
- ↑ 'Race : Looking good until gearbox gave up', twitter.com, (Twitter: Tom Dillmann, 15/07/2018), https://twitter.com/TomDillmann/status/1018582927649726464, (Accessed 27/07/2018)
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 'Pre-race round up: 2018 Qatar Airways New York City E-Prix', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 13/07/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/july/pre-race-round-up-2018-qatar-airways-new-york-city-e-prix/, (Accessed 14/07/2018)
- ↑ Timo Pape, 'Home game: Last Formula E race for Andretti ahead of BMW takeover', e-formel.de, (eFormel.de, 12/07/2018), https://e-formel.de/news/heimspiel-letztes-formel-e-rennen-fuer-andretti-von-bmw-uebernahme-6277.html, (Accessed 14/07/2018)