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2018/19 Formula E Season
Spark II
Formula E: The Next Generation
Season Information
No. Rounds TBA
First Round TBA
Last Round TBA
Entrants Andretti-BMW, Audi Sport, DS, Jaguar, Mahindra, NIO, Nissan, Penske, Spark, Venturi
Tyre(s) Michelin
Driver's Championship
Champion {{{{{natchamp}}}}} Unknown {{{drivechamppts}}}Pt(s)
Unknown Win(s), Unknown Pole(s) Unknown Fastest Lap(s)
Second {{{{{driver2nat}}}}} Unknown {{{drive2pts}}} Pt(s)
Unknown Win(s), Unknown Pole(s) Unknown Fastest Lap(s)
Third {{{{{driver3nat}}}}} Unknown {{{drive3pts}}} Pt(s)
Unknown Win(s), Unknown Pole(s), Unknown Fastest Lap(s)
Team's Championship
Champion {{{{{teamchampnat}}}}} Unknown {{{team1pts}}} Pt(s)
Unknown Win(s), Unknown Pole(s) Unknown Fastest Lap(s)
Second {{{{{team2nat}}}}} Unknown {{{team2pts}}} Pt(s)
Unknown Win(s), Unknown Pole(s) Unknown Fastest Lap(s)
Third {{{{{team3nat}}}}} Unknown {{{team3pts}}} Pt(s)
Unknown Win(s), Unknown Pole(s) Unknown Fastest Lap(s)
Season Guide
Former Next
2017/18 2019/20
The 2018/19 Formula E Season, officially known as the 2018/19 ABB FIA Formula E Championship, will be the fifth edition of the ABB FIA Formula E Championship, set to start in October 2018. Season five will be one of the most significant seasons in FE's short history, being the first to feature cars that could complete a full race distance, based on the new Spark Gen 2.[1]

It is also to be the first season of Formula E to feature a support series race, with the Jaguar I-Pace eTrophy held on the same day as each E-Prix.[2] It, like Formula E's first season, will be a single make series, with all competitors using the Jaguar I-Pace SUV.[2]

BackgroundEdit

As part of the evolution of Formula E to a world leading series, the FIA and Formula E Holdings commissioned Spark Racing Technologies to design a new car to replace the five year old Spark-Renault SRT_01E.[1] This new car, dubbed the "Gen 2", featured a complete redesign of the body work, suspension and brakes, and was fitted with a McLaren developed battery which was to last for the entire race distance.[1] Images of the new car were released on 30 January 2018, with a full public reveal, and first deliveries, scheduled for 8 March 2018.[1]

CalendarEdit

The provisional calendar has yet to be released for the 2018/19 FIA Formula E Championship, although it has been revealed that the historical Saudi Arabian capital Ad Diriyah will host the opening round.[3] After that, the full but provisional calendar, featuring two "TBAs", was released on the 7 June 2018, confirming that the Ad Diriyah district of Riyadh would indeed host the season opener.[4] The inaugural visit to Riyadh was scheduled for the 15 December 2018, with a trip to Marrakech following on 12 January 2019.[4]

The first TBA of the season was next, set for the 26 January 2019, with Santiago later announced as the third city to host FE in 2018/19, on the new Parque O'Higgins Circuit.[5] Another visit to Mexico City would follow in mid-February, before FE headed to Hong Kong on 10 March, with both venues unchanged.[4] A second race in China was also scheduled, with a deal for the series to head to Sanya, a city on Hainan Island, scheduled for the 23 March, 2019.[6]

After that, the FE series would head back to Europe for the first ever voestalpine European Series, set to be awarded to the best driver across 2018/19's five European E-Prix.[7] Visits to Rome and Paris would open the European tour, before FE made its debut on the full, and famed, Circuit de Monaco in Monte Carlo.[4] A trip to the Tempelhofring in Berlin would follow, before the "European Series" came to its conclusion in Bern on 9 June, the latter event replacing Zürich on the calendar.[8]

With that, the 2018/19 campaign would head to New York City for the season finale, with the US financial capital hosting another double header for the series.[4] In terms of testing a collective pre-season test was expected but not confirmed on the provisional calendar, while an in-season test, akin to the 2018 Rookie Test, was not initially announced.[4]

All private pre-season testing will be conducted prior to the final homolgation date, 1 October 2018. A public test at the Circuit Ricardo Tormo near Valencia would then conclude pre-season testing, with all eleven teams in attendance between the 16 and 19 October 2018.[9] A Rookie Test has also been suggested, with Riyadh reportedly set to host the test-day after its inaugural E-Prix.[10]

The full calendar for the 2018/19 ABB FIA Formula E Championship is outlined below:

2018/19 FIA Formula E Championship*
Round E-Prix City Circuit Date Report
1 2018 SAUDIA Ad Diriyah E-Prix[11] Flag of Saudi Arabia Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia Ad Diriyah Street Circuit 15 December 2018[4] Report
2 2019 ABB Formula E Marrakech E-Prix Flag of Morocco Marrakech, Morocco Circuit Moulay El Hassan 12 January 2019[4] Report
3 2019 Antofagasta Minerals Santiago E-Prix[5] Flag of Chile Santiago, Chile Parque O'Higgins Circuit 26 January 2019[5] Report
4 2019 ABB Formula E Mexico City E-Prix Flag of Mexico Mexico City, Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez 16 February 2019[4] Report
5 2019 HKT Hong Kong E-Prix Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong Harbourfront Circuit 10 March 2019[4] Report
6 2019 ABB Formula E Sanya E-Prix People's Republic of China Sanya, China TBA 23 March 2019[6] Report
7 2019 ABB Formula E Rome E-Prix Italy Rome, Italy Circuto Cittadino dell’EUR 13 April 2019[4] Report
8 2019 Qatar Airways Paris E-Prix[12] France Paris, France Les Invalides Circuit 27 April 2019[4] Report
9 2019 ABB Formula E Monaco E-Prix Monaco Monte Carlo, Monaco Circuit de Monaco 11 May 2019[4] Report
10 2019 ABB Formula E Berlin E-Prix Germany Berlin, Germany Tempelhofring 25 May 2019[4] Report
11 2019 Julius Baer Swiss E-Prix[8] Switzerland Bern, Switzerland Bern Street Circuit 9 June 2019[8] Report
12 2019 Qatar Airways New York City E-Prix[12] Flag of the United States New York City, USA Brooklyn Street Circuit 13 July 2019[4] Report
13 2019 Qatar Airways New York City E-Prix[12] Flag of the United States New York City, USA Brooklyn Street Circuit 14 July 2019[4] Report
2018/19 FIA Formula E Tests
I 2018 Valencia Test[9] Spain Valencia, Spain Circuit Ricardo Tormo 16 - 19 October 2018[9] Report
II 2018/19 Rookie Test[10] Flag of Saudi Arabia Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia Ad Diriyah Street Circuit 17 December 2018[10] Report
  • * All dates and venues according to the provisional calendar released on the 7 June 2018 and subject to FIA approval.[4]
  • The "Rookie Test" first seen in 2018, is set to return for 2018/19, with e-racing365 suggesting that it will be staged after the opening round in Ad Diriyah.[10]

RegulationsEdit

Nine manufacturers were granted the ability to submit powertrain designs to compete in 2018/19, all of them committing to a three year stint in the Championship.[13] Additional manufacturers would be permitted to enter designs during the three year period, either signing up for the 2019/20 or 2020/21 seasons.[13]

TechnicalEdit

Nine manufacturers would use the newest Spark Racing Technologies chassis design as a basis, building their own powertrain solutions to harness the energy stored in the latest McLaren Applied Technologies battery.[13] This McLaren battery will last for the entire race distance, bringing an end to the mid-race car swap seen during the first four seasons, although this change will likely mean more conservative driving is required.[13] The FIA therefore implemented an "Attack Mode" boost system for the fifth season of FE to increase the amount of tactical racing, while an LED screen and light system was installed on the new Halo head protection device to inform spectators of whether a driver is in "attack mode".[14]

SportingEdit

The points system for finishing position is expected to remain as it has been since the inaugural 2014/15 Season, with points awarded from 1st to 10th using the FIA's standard points system.[15] An additional points are to be awarded to the pole setter at each ePrix, while the most efficient driver in the top ten of each race will receive an additional point, a new regulation for 2018/19.[15] The "efficiency bonus" effectively replaced the points bonus allocated to the fastest lap setter, which had been applied since the inaugural season.[16]

2018/19 FIA Formula E Championship Points Table
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1
Pole Position Efficiency
3 1

Each driver will be allocated ten tyres at each race meeting (for both of their cars) which must last for the entire race meeting.[15]

QualifyingEdit

Rules regarding qualifying were also changed ahead of the fifth FE season, with the "lottery" element of the group allocations completely abandoned.[17] Instead, the groups would be allocated solely on Championship position, with the top five/six in the first group, sixth/seventh through to tenth/twelfth in the next and so on.[17] Each group will also be expanded to include a potential sixth car due to the addition of the new-for-2018/19 HWA Team, while Super Pole was modified to include a sixth driver as well.[17]

Season ReportEdit

EntrantsEdit

Nine manufacturers were granted the right to homologate designs for the 2018/19 Formula E Championship, with BMW officially partnering with the Andretti Formula E entry to promote their electric racing ambitions.[13] Shortly before the 2017/18 season it was revealed that Nissan were joining the series, replacing Renault although retaining a partnership with e.Dams.[18] There was also news of an additional team in 2018/19, as HWA AG, a long-time Mercedes sanctioned team in the DTM, joined the series with powertrains from Venturi.[19]

The full 2018/19 FIA Formula E Championship entry list will be outlined below:

2018/19 FIA Formula E Championship Entry List
Entrant No. Name Rounds
Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler[13]
Audi e-tron FE05[20]
11 Brazil Lucas di Grassi[21]
66 Germany Daniel Abt[21]
Germany BMW i Andretti Motorsport[22]
BMW iFE.18[23]
27 Flag of the United Kingdom Alexander Sims[24]
28 Portugal António Félix da Costa[24]
People's Republic of China DS Techeetah[25]
DS E-TENSE FE 19[26]
25 France Jean-Éric Vergne[27]
36 Germany André Lotterer[27]
Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing
Audi e-tron FE05[20]
2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird[28]
4 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns[29]
Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon[22][30]
Penske EV-3[31]
6 Germany Maximilian Günther*[32]
7 Argentina José María López[33]
Germany HWA Racelab[19]
Venturi VFE 05[19]
5 Flag of Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne[34]
17 Flag of the United Kingdom Gary Paffett[35]
Flag of India Mahindra Racing[13]
Mahindra M5Electro[36]
64 Flag of Belgium Jerome d'Ambrosio[37]
94 Flag of Sweden Felix Rosenqvist[38] 1
Germany Pascal Wehrlein[37] 2-
Flag of the United Kingdom NIO Formula E Team[13]
NIO Sport 004[39]
8 France Tom Dillmann[40]
16 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey[40]
Flag of Japan Nissan e.Dams[18]
Nissan IM01
22 Flag of Thailand Alexander Albon[41]
23 Switzerland Sébastien Buemi[42]
Flag of the United Kingdom Panasonic Jaguar Racing[13]
Jaguar I-Type III[43]
3 Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr.[44]
20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans[44]
Monaco Venturi Formula E Team[13]
Venturi VFE 05[45]
19 Brazil Felipe Massa[46]
48 Switzerland Edoardo Mortara[47]
  • * Deals yet to be officially confirmed.

StandingsEdit

Drivers' ChampionshipEdit

The full 2018/19 FIA Formula E Championship for Drivers' standings are to be outlined below:

2018/19 ABB FIA Formula E Championship for Drivers'
Pos. Name Flag of Saudi Arabia Flag of Morocco Flag of Chile Flag of Mexico Flag of Hong Kong Flag of China Flag of Italy Flag of France Flag of Monaco Flag of Germany Flag of Switzerland Flag of the United States Flag of the United States Pts.

Teams' ChampionshipEdit

The full 2018/19 FIA Formula E Championship for Drivers' standings are to be outlined below:

2018/19 ABB FIA Formula E Championship for Teams'
Pos. Team Driver Flag of Saudi Arabia Flag of Morocco Flag of Chile Flag of Mexico Flag of Hong Kong Flag of China Flag of Italy Flag of France Flag of Monaco Flag of Germany Flag of Switzerland Flag of the United States Flag of the United States Pts.

ReferencesEdit

Videos and Images:

References:

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 'Introducing: the Gen2 Formula E car', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 30/01/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/january/introducing-the-gen2-formula-e-car/, (Accessed 30/01/2018)
  2. 2.0 2.1 'Formula E and Jaguar to launch support series', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 12/09/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/september/formula-e-and-jaguar-to-launch-support-series/, (Accessed 12/09/2017)
  3. 'Formula E to race in Riyadh for opening round of Season 5', fiaformuale.com, (FIA Formula E, 17/05/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/may/formula-e-to-race-in-riyadh-for-opening-round-of-season-5/, (Accessed 17/05/2018)
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 'ABB FIA Formula E Championship Season 5', info.fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 07/06/2018), http://info.fiaformulae.com/season-5-calendar/, (Accessed 07/06/2018)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 'Santiago set to return in Season 5', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/santiago-set-to-return-in-season-5/, (Accessed 09/10/2018)
  6. 6.0 6.1 'Formula E set to race in Sanya in Season 5', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 03/07/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/july/formula-e-set-to-race-in-sanya-in-season-5/, (Accessed 03/07/2018)
  7. 'Formula E partners with voestalpine for European races', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 08/05/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/may/formula-e-partners-with-voestalpine-for-european-races/, (Accessed 07/06/2018)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 'Bern completes the calendar for Season 5 of Formula E', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 12/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/bern-completes-the-calendar-for-season-5-of-formula-e/, (Accessed 12/10/2018)
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 'Dates revealed and doors open to the public for Valencia pre-season testing', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 22/08/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/august/dates-revealed-and-doors-open-to-the-public-for-valencia-pre-season-testing/, (Accessed 23/08/2018)
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Sam Smith, 'Female Drivers Poised for Formula E Test in Riyadh', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 16/07/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/female-drivers-poised-for-formula-e-test-in-riyadh/, (Accessed 17/07/2018)
  11. 'Formula E signs Saudi Arabian Airlines as official Airline Partner', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 25/09/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/september/formula-e-signs-saudi-arabian-airlines-as-official-airline-partner/, (Accessed 25/09/2018)
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 'Qatar Airways becomes title sponsor of Formula E races', gulf-times.com, (Gulf Times, 23/01/2018), http://www.gulf-times.com/story/579131/Qatar-Airways-becomes-title-sponsor-of-Formula-E-r, (Accessed 23/01/2018)
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8 13.9 'Nine manufacturers homologated for Season 5', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 21/03/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/march/nine-season-5-powertrain-manufacturers-homologated/, (Accessed 22/03/2017)
  14. Sam Smith, 'Attack Mode Activation Details Revealed', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 14/11/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/attack-mode-activation-details-revealed/, (Accessed 14/11/2018)
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 'Formula E Guide: Rules & Regulations', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 2015), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/guide/rules-and-regs.aspx, (Accessed 30/04/2015)
  16. Alex Kalinauckas; Stuart Codling, 'New Formula E Gen2 car to increase race power to 200kW in 2018/19', autosport.com, (Motorsport Network, 28/03/2018), https://www.autosport.com/fe/news/135076/new-fe-car-main-race-power-mode-revealed, (Accessed 31/03/2018)
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 Sam Smith, 'Qualifying Lottery System Scrapped', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 03/07/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/qualifying-lottery-system-scrapped/, (Accessed 04/07/2018)
  18. 18.0 18.1 'Nissan joins growing list of automotive brands in Formula E', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 25/10/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/october/nissan-joins-growing-list-of-automotive-brands-in-formula-e/, (Accessed 25/10/2017)
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 'HWA AG join the Formula E grid for Season 5', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/05/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/may/hwa-ag-join-the-formula-e-grid-for-season-5/, (Accessed 09/05/2018)
  20. 20.0 20.1 'Virgin Racing to run Audi e-tron FE05 cars for Season 5', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 21/09/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/september/virgin-racing-to-run-audi-e-tron-fe05-cars-for-season-5/, (Accessed 21/09/2018)
  21. 21.0 21.1 'Daniel Abt confirmes drive with Audi in Season 5', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/06/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/june/daniel-abt-confirmes-drive-with-audi-in-season-5/, (Accessed 09/06/2018)
  22. 22.0 22.1 '11 teams set to compete in fifth season Formula E', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 28/08/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/august/11-teams-set-to-compete-in-fifth-season-formula-e/, (Accessed 28/08/2018)
  23. Horatiu Boeriu, 'BMW iFE.18 – The Future BMW Formula E Race Car', bmwblog.com, (Bayerische Motorenwerke A.G., 10/04/2018),http://www.bmwblog.com/2018/04/10/bmw-ife-18-the-future-bmw-formula-e-race-car/#jp-carousel-undefined, (Accessed 11/04/2018)
  24. 24.0 24.1 'BMW takes covers off season five challenger', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 14/09/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/september/bmw-takes-covers-off-season-five-challenger/, (Accessed 14/09/2018)
  25. 'Techeetah partners with DS for Season 5', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 23/07/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/july/techeetah-partners-with-ds-for-season-5/, (Accessed 23/07/2018)
  26. Sam Smith, 'DS Performance Runs New DS E-TENSE FE 19', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 23/03/2018), http://e-racing365.com/formula-e/ds-performance-shakes-down-new-car/, (Accessed 23/04/2018)
  27. 27.0 27.1 von Tobias Bluhm. 'Exklusiv: Andre Lotterer bestätigt Techeetah-Vertrag für 5. Formel-E-Saison', e-formel.de, (e-Formel, 02/05/2018), https://e-formel.de/news/formel-e-lotterer-bestaetigt-techeetah-vertrag-fuer-saison-5-3514.html, (Accessed 07/05/2018)
  28. Sam Smith, 'Bird to Remain at Virgin Despite BMW Approach', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 25/07/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/bird-to-stay-at-virgin-despite-bmw-approach/, (Accessed 18/08/2018)
  29. Alex Kalinauckas, 'Virgin reveals Gen2 Formula E livery, hires Frijns', motorsport.com, (Motorsport 05/10/2018), https://www.motorsport.com/formula-e/news/virgin-reveals-gen2-formula-e-livery-hires-frijns/3189397/, (Accessed 05/10/2018)
  30. 'Entry list announced ahead of pre-season testing', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/entry-list-announced-ahead-of-pre-season-testing/, (Accessed 15/10/2018)
  31. Sam Smith, 'D’Ambrosio Set for Dragon Exit', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 21/05/2018), http://e-racing365.com/formula-e/dragon-exit-for-dambrosio/, (Accessed 22/05/2018)
  32. Sam Smith, 'Guenther to Join Lopez at Dragon', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 07/11/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/guenther-to-join-lopez-at-dragon/?fbclid=IwAR3w_cLOwpk55WcfAHvNvtkViye-NkGquXT1kkZ_LC87KRy_i9vOKgZ2JhQ, (Accessed 07/11/2018)
  33. Sam Smith, 'FORMULA EDragon Confirms Lopez Return', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC. 11/10/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/dragon-confirms-lopez-return/, (Accessed 11/10/2018)
  34. 'Stoffel Vandoorne completes HWA RACELAB’s driver line up', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/stoffel-vandoorne-completes-hwa-racelab-s-driver-line-up/, (Accessed 15/10/2018)
  35. Sam Smith, 'Paffett, Wehrlein Primed for HWA Seats', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 10/09/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/wehrlein-and-paffett-primed-for-hwa-seats/, (Accessed 11/09/2018)
  36. Sam Smith, 'Derani Tests for Mahindra, Targeting Formula E Drive', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 08/08/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/derani-tests-for-mahindra-targeting-formula-e-drive/, (Accessed 08/08/2018)
  37. 37.0 37.1 Sam Smith, , 'Wehrlein makes Formula E move with Mahindra'eurosport.co.uk, (Eurosport, 16/10/2018), https://www.eurosport.co.uk/formula-e/wehrlein-makes-formula-e-move-with-mahindra_sto6973387/story.shtml, (Accessed 16/10/2018)
  38. 'Rosenqvist returns to Mahindra for Saudi season opener', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/11/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/november/rosenqvist-returns-to-mahindra-for-saudi-season-opener/, (Accessed 15/11/2018)
  39. Sam Smith, 'Filippi Loses NIO Seat; Dillmann Poised as Replacement', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 01/10/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/filippi-loses-nio-seat-dillmann-poised-as-replacement/, {Accessed 01/10/2018)
  40. 40.0 40.1 'Dillmann and Turvey to drive for NIO Formula E Team', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 08/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/dillmann-and-turvey-to-drive-for-nio-formula-e-team/, (Accessed 08/10/2018)
  41. 'Buemi and Albon lined up for Nissan e.dams debut season', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 20/09/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/september/buemi-and-albon-lined-up-for-nissan-edams-debut-season/, (Accessed 20/09/2018)
  42. 'Prost Exits Renault e.dams', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 12/06/2018), http://e-racing365.com/formula-e/prost-exits-renault-e-dams/, (Accessed 17/06/2018)
  43. Alex Kalinauckas, 'New Formula E car "between prototype and single-seater"', motorsport.com, (Motorsport Network, 20/04/2018), https://www.motorsport.com/formula-e/news/new-formula-e-car-between-prototype-and-single-seater-1028265/, (Accessed 20/04/2018)
  44. 44.0 44.1 Sam Smith, 'Unchanged Lineup for Jaguar in Season Five', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 20/06/2018), http://e-racing365.com/formula-e/unchanged-lineup-for-jaguar-in-season-five/, (Accessed 20/06/2018)
  45. Alex Kalinauckas, 'Massa completes 800km in first Formula E test', motorsport.com, (Motorsport Network, 30/05/2018), https://www.motorsport.com/formula-e/news/massa-completes-800km-first-gen2-fe-test-1043340/, (Accessed 30/05/2018)
  46. 'Felipe Massa joins Venturi driver line up for Season 5', fiaformuale.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/05/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/may/felipe-massa-joins-venturi-driver-line-up-for-season-5/, (Accessed 15/05/2018)
  47. 'Mortara to race alongside Massa at VENTURI', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 11/09/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/september/mortara-to-race-alongside-massa-at-venturi/, (Accessed 11/09/2018)