|2017 New York City ePrix I|
The first FIA approved circuit in New York City.
|Date||15 July 2017|
|Official Name||2017 Qualcomm New York City ePrix|
|Location||Brooklyn Street Circuit, New York, USA|
|Lap length||1.953 km (1.214 mi)|
|Distance||43 laps / 83.979 km (52.182 mi)|
|Pole Sitter||Alex Lynn|
|Team||DS Virgin Racing|
|Fastest Lap||1:03.883 on lap 21|
|Sam Bird||Jean-Éric Vergne||Stéphane Sarrazin|
|Winner Team||DS Virgin Racing|
|2017 Berlin ePrix II||2017 New York ePrix II|
The 2017 New York City ePrix I, otherwise known as the 2017 Qualcomm New York City ePrix, was the ninth round of the 2016/17 FIA Formula E Championship, staged in the borough of Brooklyn, New York on the 15 July 2017. The race, was the first ePrix to be staged in New York, and would make history as the first FIA sanctioned event to be staged in the United States' financial capital.
There would be a remarkable result in qualifying, as debutante Alex Lynn swept to pole for DS Virgin Racing, beating Daniel Abt. With Championship leader Sébastien Buemi absent due to a calendar clash, Lucas di Grassi had the chance to demolish the gap between them, but could only claim tenth place on the grid.
Abt would snatch the lead with the inside run into turn one at the start, with Sam Bird pulling an identical move Jean-Éric Vergne, much to the Frenchman's ire. The rest of the field barrelled into the opening hairpin behind them, with a lot of minor bodywork damage resulting from a series of collisions.
The opening stages would see the top four draw away from the rest of the field, as di Grassi began his move up the order. The Brazilian would miss contact between Nelson Piquet Jr. and Jérôme d'Ambrosio, which saw the latter thrown into the air, before charging off to catch the top seven.
Back with the leaders and Vergne would lose contact with the top three, allowing Nick Heidfeld to pounce on him on lap nine. This was just moments before Bird launched his car down the inside of Lynn, opening a run that would also carry him past Abt a handful of laps later. Lynn, meanwhile, was left to scrap with Heidfeld and Vergne, but would fall behind them before the pitstop window opened.
A clean pit window saw Bird establish himself in the lead ahead of Vergne, as Heidfeld got caught out as Mahindra miscalculated the minimum stop time. Lynn, meanwhile, would suffer a drive-shaft failure after his stop, putting him out on the spot.
Coming towards the end of the race Felix Rosenqvist was defending fifth place from di Grassi, only to throw himself out of the position on the brakes at the chicane. He rejoined behind Heidfeld, but dropped right to the back of the field as the rear wing was completely smashed.
Onto the final lap and there was to be one last change to the order, as third placed Abt suffered a driveshaft failure while braking for the second hairpin. As he rolled to a heartbreaking stop, Bird completed the final tour to claim his first win of the season, a second clear of Vergne. Abt's demise promoted Stéphane Sarrazin onto the podium after a remarkable run from twelfth on the grid, while di Grassi claimed fourth to carve twelve points out of Buemi's undefended lead.
The double header in New York was originally set to be the season finale for the 2016/17 Championship, staged two weeks after the series first visit to Canada. However, logistical concerns meant that the two events were swapped, Montreal serving as the finale while New York became the penultimate host of the season. The circuit itself went through several different designs before the FIA settled on one, which centred on the Red Hook neighbourhood of Brooklyn, right on the harbour front.
There were expected to be some major changes to the entry list ahead of the New York City ePrix, with nine of the regular field also competing in the 2017 edition of the World Endurance Championship. The first confirmed change was announced by DS Virgin Racing, who brought in reserve driver Alex Lynn for the double header, with José María López away in Germany with Toyota's WEC crew. The Brit, who had taken part in the shakedown session at the Mexico City ePrix for DS Virgin earlier in the season, was set to race in the WEC for Manor Racing, but opted for the switch based on his former single seater experience. He would partner fellow Brit Sam Bird for the weekend as the later opted to compete in FE instead of his Ferrari in Germany.
Arguably bigger than Lynn's debut, however, would be conformation that Championship leader, and defending Champion Sébastien Buemi would be absent from both New York ePrix, as Renault e.Dams revealed his replacement for the weekend. Into the #9 pair of Renault Z.E. 16s came 2016 GP2 Series Champion Pierre Gasly, who had spent most of the season racing in Japanese Super Formula. Despite never driving the Z.E. 16, or even the original Spark-Renault SRT_01E, Gasly was expected to perform on his debut, with Renault e.Dams needing a strong weekend to keep their advantage in both Championship fights. As for Buemi, he knew he could lose his Championship lead and face a twenty-six point deficit in Montreal, although his WEC title bid was ultimately the priority.
Championship-wise, Buemi's inherited victory in Berlin meant that the Swiss racer had managed to extend his lead in the Championship to 32 points, although that still left him vulnerable to Lucas di Grassi if the Brazilian had a strong weekend in New York. The Brazilian could establish a twenty-six point advantage if he claimed victory, pole and fastest lap in both races on the streets of Brooklyn, meaning the Championship fight would go to the final round. Elsewhere, Felix Rosenqvist had moved into the top three after claiming second place, and was still mathematically in the title fight, Nicolas Prost dropped to fourth, while Nick Heidfeld completed the top five.
Elsewhere, ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport had only managed to take two points out of Teams' Championship leaders Renault e.Dams during their home double header, meaning the French squad still had a healthy 58 point advantage leaving Germany. Mahindra Racing were instead threatening the German squad for second, the gap coming down to 22 points after the Berlin double header, with the Indian backed squad over 50 points clear of fourth placed DS Virgin Racing. Techeetah sat in fifth ahead of compatriots NextEV NIO, while Venturi pulled up to a season high eighth place with another point.
The full entry list for the 2017 New York City ePrix I is displayed below:
There would be no changes to the qualifying format for the first New York ePrix, as four groups of five cars hit the warming Brooklyn circuit. Each group would have six minutes on circuit, allowing each of the five combatants to set one full power (200kw) lap to try and qualify for the Super Pole shootout. After the group phase the top five fastest drivers overall would go through, each getting a single shot on an empty circuit to try and claim pole position.
The first group of the afternoon would see António Félix da Costa and Robin Frijns hit the circuit for Andretti, sporting their new liveries for the New York ePrix. Jean-Éric Vergne, meanwhile, would hold hopes of making it through to the Super Pole being armed with his Techeetah run Renault Z.E. 16, which was the class of the field in 2016/17. Debutante Pierre Gasly would also be in action, using the Renault e.Dams version of the Z.E. 16, while Loïc Duval's Dragon completed the first quintet.
It would be da Costa who got the ball rolling for the opening group, although a touch on the wall at turn ten ended his hopes of a top ten spot. Teammate Frijns produced a cleaner effort moments later, before Gasly crossed the line after a rather more disappointing run. Duval quietly went about things to record the second fastest time, as Vergne swept across the line to record a 1:03.091, the fastest time of the group.
Nicolas Prost headlined group two for Renault e.Dams, although an uninspiring morning for the French squad meant it was questionable as to whether Prost could make the Super Pole cut. In contrast, it had been a strong morning for Nick Heidfeld in the first of the Mahindras, and so many tipped him to top the group, if not the session. Stéphane Sarrazin had the second Techeetah in action, and was slowly improving, Jérôme d'Ambrosio was quietly confident for Dragon, while Mitch Evans had had a turbulent weekend to that point so was an unknown.
Sarrazin was the man to charge out of the pits first in group two, although it was not enough for him to claim an SP slot, the Frenchman falling half a second shy of teammate Vergne. A scruffy lap from Prost, meanwhile, saw the Frenchman throw any hopes of an e.Dams pole out of the window, while Evans snuck ahead of the two Andrettis overall. Heidfeld, meanwhile, looked promising until a small mistake in the second sector left him shy of Vergne's mark, moments before d'Ambrosio swept home to set the fastest time overall, much to the delight of the Penske run Dragon team.
Having been strong in practice it was debutante Alex Lynn who was tipped to make the grade from group three, although time would tell if the pressure would get to the former GP3 Champion. Championship challenger Felix Rosenqvist was a more certain prospect for Super Pole having topped FP2, while Daniel Abt had the tools to challenge in the first of the ABT Schaeffler efforts. Nelson Piquet Jr. of the NextEV NIO effort, and Adam Carroll from Jaguar were expected to be also-rans.
There would be a huge shock in group three, for it was Lynn, in his first qualifying session using an FE car, who set the second best time of the quintet, sneaking in between d'Ambrosio and Vergne in the Super Pole slots. His effort was ultimately beaten by Abt, but only after Rosenqvist threw away his best effort by locking the rear axle at the hairpin, meaning he was down with the Andrettis at the back of the grid. Piquet was predictably quiet and settled for a mid-table slot, while Carroll managed a rare triumph in beating teammate Evans' time.
The final quintet would finally allow Lucas di Grassi a shot at taking pole, with the Brazilian needing a flawless start to the weekend to entertain any hopes of challenging the absent Sébastien Buemi. He, however, would be fighting with Sam Bird for the honours in the fourth group, with both aiming for Super Pole and beyond. Oliver Turvey would be aiming to out-qualify his teammate Piquet, while the two Venturis of Tom Dillmann and Maro Engel were out to claim top ten spots at best.
Despite the fact that his Championship lied on a strong quali-result, di Grassi simply failed to set a good enough time after a lap blighted by yellow flags. The cause of that title-harming yellow was Engel, whose Venturi simply ground to a halt on his full power lap, denying di Grassi a shot at the Super Pole. Bird, meanwhile, had gone out early and set the fastest time overall, while Turvey and Dillmann had uneventful runs before Engel conked out.
It was Vergne who got things underway in Super Pole, with the Frenchman's group one time just enough to see him scrape through. A clean effort from the Techeetah driver saw him claim a 1:03.537, a quarter of a second slower then he had managed earlier in the day. As he departed it was Lynn who swept in to start his lap, with the Brit producing an effortlessly precise effort to claim provisional pole with a 1:03.296.
Next out was Abt, although the German could not beat the FE rookie, instead having to settle for second with a 1:03.534. Next out was d'Ambrosio, although the Belgian's run was ruined instantly when he threw his Dragon into the first corner, only to have the rear of the car snap sideways in an excellent demonstration of oversteer. Finally it was Bird's turn, but a lack lustre effort from the Brit, a 1:03.557, saw him slip to fourth and effectively hand his debuting teammate Lynn a maiden pole position.
The final qualifying result for the 2017 New York City ePrix I are outlined below:
|2017 New York City ePrix I Qualifying Result|
|1st||37||Alex Lynn||DS Virgin Racing||1:03.296||—||1|
|2nd||66||Daniel Abt||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||1:03.534||+0.238s||2|
|4th||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||1:03.557||+0.261s||4|
|5th||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||1:07.203||+3.907s||5|
|1st||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||1:02.806||—||SP|
|2nd||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||1:02.881||+0.075s||SP|
|3rd||66||Daniel Abt||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||1:02.888||+0.082s||SP|
|4th||37||Alex Lynn||DS Virgin Racing||1:03.009||+0.203s||SP|
|6th||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||1:03.193||+0.387s||6|
|7th||3||Nelson Piquet Jr.||NextEV NIO||1:03.361||+0.555s||7|
|8th||88||Oliver Turvey||NextEV NIO||1:03.385||+0.579s||8|
|9th||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||1:03.433||+0.627s||9|
|10th||11||Lucas di Grassi||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||1:03.480||+0.674s||10|
|12th||6||Loïc Duval||Dragon Racing||1:03.521||+0.715s||12|
|13th||47||Adam Carroll||Jaguar Racing||1:03.555||+0.749s||13|
|14th||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||1:03.637||+0.831s||14|
|16th||27||Robin Frijns||Andretti Formula E||1:03.830||+1.024s||16|
|17th||19||Felix Rosenqvist||Mahindra Racing||1:04.300||+1.494s||17|
|18th||28||António Félix da Costa||Andretti Formula E||1:04.585||+1.779s||18|
|19th||9||Pierre Gasly||Renault e.Dams||1:04.936||+2.130s||19|
|110% Time: 1:09.086|
- * Engel failed to complete a lap within 110% of the fastest lap in the group stage, but would be allowed to start at the steward's discretion.
It was a very warm afternoon in New York City as the field assembled on the grid for the start of the ePrix, with temperatures sitting around 29°C. That, combined with the high track temperature of 34°C ensured that all of the teams were concerned with battery cooling, which could limit the length of a driver's stint. Regardless, all twenty qualifiers would weave their way around the first half of the circuit to the starting grid, with 43 and a half laps awaiting them.
Unfortunately for Alex Lynn his excellent form in qualifying would not last through the start, with the Brit out dragged into the first corner by Daniel Abt. Indeed, the German had the inside line into the first corner and so duly snatched the lead, while Sam Bird pulled the same move on Jean-Éric Vergne just behind. The rest of the field dived in behind them two-by-two, with some minor nose-to-tail and side-to-side contact which proved harmless.
Indeed, the first piece of costly contact would come at the second hairpin, with Stéphane Sarrazin throwing a huge lunge at Nelson Piquet Jr., only to tag the back of the NextEV NIO as the Brazilian came across to defend. Piquet was spat out to the side of the circuit before running around the outside of the corner, while Sarrazin smacked into the right rear corner of Nicolas Prost. All three then scrambled around the exit of the corner before Prost seemed to lose drive, meaning Sarrazin shot up into eighth.
Prost ultimately got going at the back of the field, just ahead of Mitch Evans who had broken his steering at some point amid the turn six chaos. The Kiwi just managed to make it around the rest of the lap to the pits as, out front, Abt dragged Lynn, Bird, Vergne and Nick Heidfeld clear of the rest of the field. Everyone else was queuing up behind Jérôme d'Ambrosio, with Oliver Turvey and Sarrazin already looking to make a move past the Dragon.
Indeed, it would be a series of moves on d'Ambrosio that drew the eye in the early stages, with both Turvey and Sarrazin sliding past the Belgian into turn six at the start of lap four. That was followed by a lunge by Piquet into turn one, before Lucas di Grassi, who had escaped without damage in the middle of the pack, sent his ABT Schaeffler past the Dragon into turn one on lap five. Unfortunately for d'Ambrosio he would run into the back of Piquet on the exit as the Brazilian ran too deep at the apex, breaking his front wing.
As the d'Ambrosio show came to an end with the Belgian getting show a mechanical flag at the end of lap seven, Bird was getting irate behind teammate Lynn, complaining that the rookie was defending too heavily. While DS Virgin reminded both not to make contact, essentially telling Bird to get past on his own, they were instead waiting for an opportunity to switch the drivers around. They were not able to do that, however, as Vergne and Heidfeld were glued to Bird's tail, while Abt, ahead, would gain time regardless of how the move was made.
Yet, on lap nine, the Virgin crew were handed the perfect opportunity to do so, for Heidfeld launched a huge lunge at Vergne into turn one. Indeed, the German launched his move from so far back that Vergne was caught unawares, and hence had to defend heavily on the apex of the corner, although Heidfeld ultimately seized the position on the exit. However, the move cost both two seconds in the blink of an eye, allowing Lynn to wave Bird past into turn two without significant time loss.
Within a lap, Bird was within striking distance of Abt, and duly launched his first attack at the German into turn six at the start of lap eleven. The Brit was too far back and duly slid into the back of Abt at the apex, although it was little more than a glancing blow to the back of the ABT Schaeffler. As such they both continued on as they had before as, much further back, di Grassi passed Piquet so decisively that the NIO's suspension partially collapsed, dumping him down the order. Piquet's failure was a result of his first lap contact with Sarrazin.
After a brief pause after his first lunge, Bird would again test Abt's resolve with two ambitious moves into turn one and turn two, although as he had elected to use the outside line Abt was able to thwart them with ease. At the start of lap fifteen, however, Bird would manage to dive inside of Abt into turn six, with the German just leaving enough room between himself and the inside wall to allow Bird through. Bird managed to get the car stopped at the apex and hold the position, with Abt left to plot his revenge.
However, as one Virgin soared, the other seemed to stall, for Lynn was about to be sold a dummy by Heidfeld having fallen off the back of the lead duo. Indeed, Heidfeld duly dived past the Brit into turn two, an unusual choice given the previous overtaking zones, leaving Lynn to defend from Vergne. Vergne would duly take the Virgin for fourth into turn one of the following lap, before going on to snatch third from Heidfeld into turn two on lap eighteen.
As Lynn dropped, António Félix da Costa had his elbows out in the lower orders, diving up the inside of Adam Carroll into turn one. Indeed, Carroll had moved across the path of da Costa as they came towards the hairpin, resulting in some inevitable contact on the apex, with the nose of the Andretti getting into the side of the Jaguar. That was enough to rip the minor crash winglets on the right hand side of Carroll's cockpit, although the intact pieces of bodywork would land well away from the racing line.
With the pitstops looming Lynn would lose more positions to both Sarrazin and di Grassi, with identical moves on the Virgin made into turn two. Indeed, di Grassi's move on lap twenty effectively ensured that Lynn stopped in the pits to make his car change, having burned a lot of energy trying to keep up with the lead group. The majority of the field, including Bird, Vergne, Sarrazin and Felix Rosenqvist, would stop on the following lap, with Lynn coming out as they arrived.
Indeed, only Abt, Heidfeld, di Grassi, Pierre Gasly and Robin Frijns would stay out a lap longer, with Heidfeld in particular losing out as a result of his gamble. Indeed, the German had to back off during his in-lap, resulting in him dropping from fourth to eighth in the space of a visit to the pits. Other changes would see Vergne jump Abt, while Rosenqvist took di Grassi for fifth as the Brazilian came out of the pits.
Lynn's race, meanwhile, would come to an end after the stops, with the Brit suffering a driveshaft failure on the exit of turn seven. He pulled off at the side of the circuit after the chicane, with his car left their for the rest of the race as it was in a safe place. After that, the race soon settled down, with di Grassi looking for a way past Rosenqvist, while Heidfeld caught the pair of them.
Indeed, the brief pause in action at the front of the field allowed attention to focus further down, where Prost and Gasly were working together to pick their way into the points. Indeed, the pair acted like vultures at certain points, with Gasly sneaking past Carroll when the Jaguar was elbowed out of the way by Tom Dillmann into turn one. Prost needed a few more corners to pass, by which stage Gasly had made his own move on Dillmann to claim tenth.
Back with the fight for fifth, and di Grassi threw a feint at Rosenqvist into turn one, with the Swede reacting enough to compromise his run out of the corner. That allowed the Brazilian to pull alongside Rosenqvist into turn two, although the Swede had the preferred inside line into the corner, handing him control. That was, until Rosenqvist made a mistake on the brakes and spun into the barrier all on his own, with the Mahindra spinning right across the nose of the ABT Schaeffler before rear-ending the barriers.
Rosenqvist was left red faced with a broken rear-wing, and was duly told to stop for repairs at the end of lap 34. He would lose a lap in the process, moments before teammate Heidfeld went out of the race with a suspension failure, caused by a particularly heavy clunk against the kerbs. He was forced to abandon his car within sight of the pit entry, although with no recovery vehicles within easy reach the officials had to bring out the BMW Qualcomm i8 safety car.
The safety car would remain out for four laps, meaning Bird would have two laps to hold onto his previously two second lead. Ultimately, the Brit would make a flawless sprint away from Vergne to avoid any potential lunges, while Abt had to continue his defence from Sarrazin. He would do a good job until they entered the turn one hairpin on the final lap, with Abt suffering a sudden driveshaft failure under breaking, causing him to slide out of the race and into the outside wall.
With that the race was run, with Bird surviving one last, and fruitless, lunge from Vergne to collect a historic victory, while Sarrazin cruised home third from di Grassi. Abt was unable to recover and so dropped well out of the points, meaning Loïc Duval was classified in fifth ahead of Turvey, Gasly, Prost, Frijns and Carroll. Elsewhere, Maro Engel would collect the fastest lap having abandoned his first car after sustaining too much damage, while Rosenqvist ended up still behind Abt, despite the fact that the German failed to see the chequered flag.
The final classification of the 2017 New York City ePrix I is displayed below, with the fastest lap setter indicated in italics, and the pole sitter shown in bold:
|2017 New York City ePrix I Race Result|
|Pos.||No.||Name||Team||Laps||Race Time||Fastest lap||Pts.|
|1st||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||43||0:52:29.275||1:04.463||25|
|4th||11||Lucas di Grassi||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||43||+6.155s||1:04.658||12|
|5th||6||Loïc Duval||Dragon Racing||43||+8.428s||1:05.528||10|
|6th||88||Oliver Turvey||NextEV NIO||43||+8.952s||1:05.677||8|
|7th||9||Pierre Gasly||Renault e.Dams||43||+9.321s||1:04.960||6|
|8th||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||43||+10.036s||1:04.992||4|
|9th||27||Robin Frijns||Andretti Formula E||43||+11.019s||1:05.210||2|
|10th||47||Adam Carroll||Jaguar Racing||43||+12.073s||1:05.271||1|
|11th||3||Nelson Piquet Jr.||NextEV NIO||43||+12.977s||1:05.409|
|12th||28||António Félix da Costa||Andretti Formula E||43||+13.341s||1:05.356|
|14th*||66||Daniel Abt||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||42||Driveshaft||1:04.895|
|15th||19||Felix Rosenqvist||Mahindra Racing||42||+1 Lap||1:04.557|
|Ret||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||35||Suspension||1:04.811|
|Ret||37||Alex Lynn||DS Virgin Racing||23||Driveshaft||1:05.573||3|
|Ret||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||22||Damage||1:04.001|
|Ret||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||18||Damage||1:04.681|
- Indicates a driver was awarded FanBoost during the race.
- * Abt was still classified despite retiring as he had completed 90% of the race distance.
- First New York City ePrix.
- New York becomes the third US city to host Formula E.
- Debut race for Alex Lynn and Pierre Gasly.
- Sébastien Buemi missed an ePrix for the first time.
- Lynn claimed his first pole position in FE.
- Fourth victory earned by Sam Bird.
- Virgin Racing claimed a fourth victory as an entrant.
- DS claimed their second triumph as a powertrain manufacturer.
- Jean-Éric Vergne and Stéphane Sarrazin earned the first double podium for Techeetah.
- First points finish for Gasly.
Although it had not been the best day for Lucas di Grassi, his fourth place finish was enough to get the Brazilian within twenty points of absent Championship leader Sébastien Buemi. A win, would see di Grassi overhaul the Swiss racer on Sunday, although the former was still in the hunt even if he failed to score. Third placed Felix Rosenqvist, meanwhile, had effectively seen his chance at the title destroyed by his spin in the race, although the Swede could still take the crown if he won the remaining three rounds.
The late race failure for Daniel Abt meant that ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport could only trim a small amount off the gap to Renault e.Dams, meaning the French outfit remained with a healthy 56 point lead. Mahindra Racing, meanwhile, had drifted out of the fight with their double drama in the closing stages, meaning they were suddenly back in a fight with DS Virgin Racing for third. Elsewhere, Techeetah cemented their fifth position after a double podium, while Dragon Racing leapt up to seventh in the four way fight to avoid the wooden spoon.
Only point scoring drivers and teams are shown.
Videos and Images:
- ↑ 'Qualcomm announced as NYC ePrix title partner', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 26/06/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/june/qualcomm-announced-as-nyc-eprix-title-partner/, (Accessed 27/06/2017)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 'From Hong Kong to New York: FIVE NEW CITIES FOR THIRD FORMULA E SEASON', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 02/07/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/july/from-hong-kong-to-new-york/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)
- ↑ 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 'Lynn takes stunning pole on debut', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/07/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/july/lynn-takes-stunning-pole-on-debut/, (Accessed 15/07/2017)
- ↑ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 'Bird soars to historic Qualcomm New York City ePrix win', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/07/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/july/bird-soars-to-historic-qualcomm-new-york-city-eprix-win/, (Accessed 18/07/2017)
- ↑ 'FIA RELEASES REVISED SEASON THREE CALENDAR: DATE SWAP FOR NEW YORK CITY AND MONTREAL', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 28/09/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/september/fia-releases-revised-season-three-formula-e-calendar/, (Accessed 28/09/2016)
- ↑ 'Formula E:Calendar - Brooklyn Circuit', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/calendar, (Accessed 22/05/2017)
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 'Alex Lynn gets DS Virgin call-up for New York', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 28/06/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/june/alex-lynn-gets-ds-virgin-call-up-for-new-york/, (Accessed 28/06/2017)
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 'GP2 champ Gasly replaces Buemi for New York', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 10/07/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/july/gp2-champ-gasly-replaces-buemi-for-new-york/, (Accessed 10/07/2017)
- ↑ 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 'Di Grassi nets Qualifying Group 4', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/07/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/july/di-grassi-nets-qualifying-group-4/, (Accessed 15/07/2017)
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 'Round 9 - New York City ePrix: Results Booklet', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/07/2017), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/02_2016-17/09_R09%20New%20York/78_FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/21_R09%20New%20York%20Booklet.pdf, (Accessed 15/07/2017)
- ↑ 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15 11.16 11.17 11.18 11.19 11.20 11.21 11.22 11.23 11.24 11.25 11.26 11.27 11.28 11.29 11.30 11.31 11.32 11.33 11.34 11.35 11.36 11.37 11.38 11.39 11.40 11.41 11.42 11.43 11.44 11.45 11.46 11.47 11.48 11.49 11.50 11.51 11.52 11.53 11.54 11.55 11.56 11.57 ABB Formula E, 'Formula E Full Race Show: 2017 Qualcomm Formula E New York City ePrix - Saturday', youtube.com, (YouTube: ABB FIA Formula E Championship, 15/07/2017), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ux3VEtiuy_o, (Accessed 22/05/2018)