|2017 Montreal ePrix II|
The unchanged Rue Viger E. Circuit in Montreal.
|Date||30 July 2017|
|Official Name||2017 Hydro-Québec Montréal ePrix|
|Location||Rue Viger E. Circuit, Montréal, Québec, Canada|
|Lap length||2.745 km (1.706 mi)|
|Distance||37 laps / 101.565 km (63.110 mi)|
|Pole Sitter||Felix Rosenqvist|
|Fastest Lap||1:23.444 on lap 28|
|Jean-Éric Vergne||Felix Rosenqvist||José María López|
|2017 Montreal ePrix I||2017 Hong Kong E-Prix I|
The 2017 Hydro-Québec Montréal ePrix, otherwise known as the 2017 Montreal ePrix II, was the twelfth and final race of the 2016/17 FIA Formula E Championship, staged on the 30 July 2017 on the Rue Viger E. Circuit. Held a day after the First Montreal ePrix, the season finale in Montreal would see the 2016/17 Champion crowned, with Lucas di Grassi and Sébastien Buemi once again duelling for the title on the final day.
Qualifying resulted in Felix Rosenqvist taking pole, while Championship leader di Grassi got into the Super Pole shootout. Title rival Buemi would start down in fourteenth after a poor run, while his teammate Nicolas Prost started from the back of the field, as Renault e.Dams fought for the Teams' Championship.
It was a chaotic start to the race for Buemi, whom was tagged by António Félix da Costa as the pair attempted to avoid a spinning Stéphane Sarrazin. Out front, meanwhile, Rosenqvist had shot into the lead from pole, while Jean-Éric Vergne had dived past Sam Bird to claim second.
The order soon shook itself out over the opening laps, although the title fight was soon to be called to an effective end. The reason for this was because Buemi was carrying damage from his first corner contact, a piece of the rear-bodywork flapping around. The defending Champion was duly shown a black-and-orange mechanical flag for the flailing pod, only to have the pod fly off just a few moments later.
Renault e.Dams tried their best to get Buemi's compulsory visit to the pits removed, but the Swiss racer would ultimately have to serve a drive-through penalty as a result. That left him at the back of the field, and needing a safety car to have any hope of taking the crown.
As the stops loomed, Rosenqvist found himself using more energy than his rivals, and so was forced to stop a lap earlier than the rest of the pack, although the Swede had built a six second advantage by that stage. Vergne, however, was in the mood for fighting, and knowing that the Swede would have to save more energy, began to chip away at Rosenqvist's lead.
Bird, meanwhile, would tap the wall after the stop, damaging his steering and leaving him in a fight with Nick Heidfeld and teammate José María López for the final podium spot. Behind them, di Grassi, safe in the knowledge that Buemi was behind and outside of the points, allowed teammate Daniel Abt to retake sixth, although the German failed to make further ground.
Back with the leaders, and Rosenqvist was caught sleeping by Vernge, who dived past the Swede to take the lead in the closing stages to ultimately claim the win. Lopez claimed the final podium spot after dancing past Bird, whom was able to fend off Heidfeld as the trio crossed the line.
Abt claimed sixth while di Grassi took the title in seventh, while Sarrazin mounted an excellent comeback drive for eighth. Buemi was another to make a valiant comeback, just falling shy of the points, although fastest lap for teammate Prost ensured that Renault e.Dams won the teams' Championship.
There was a new Championship leader heading into the final round of the season, with Lucas di Grassi taking an eighteen point advantage over Sébastien Buemi into the finale. The latter's late disqualification meant it was the former who entered the final race as favourite, with di Grassi needing to finish fourth or higher to make it impossible for Buemi to overhaul him. For Buemi a second title would require him to finish on the podium with pole position at the minimum to retake his Championship lead, although he would most likely need to see di Grassi retire if he was to hold any hopes of retaining his crown.
Elsewhere, the fight for third was hotting up, with Sam Bird taking the position away from Felix Rosenqvist heading into the final day. Jean-Éric Vergne and Nicolas Prost had also dragged themselves into the fight, albeit some eighteen points behind Bird, although after the chaos of the first Montreal ePrix anything seemed possible. Other tight fights on the final day included a six driver scrap to get into the top ten, as poor form for season one Champion Nelson Piquet Jr. dragged him back towards the lower orders.
Renault e.Dams had all but secured their third title in a row in the Teams Championship despite having their advantage cut to 33 points on Saturday, although ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport were still in mathematical contention. Buemi's disqualification had made it slightly closer between the two efforts, although the latter would still need to claim a maximum score alongside an seventh place finish at a minimum. That would only work if the French squad did something they had never done: a complete failure to score.
As for the rest of the Teams' Championship, Mahindra Racing and DS Virgin Racing were engaged in a private fight for third, heading into the finale separated by 21 points. Techeetah were confirmed in fifth place overall, realistically unable to catch the fourth placed team while also being out of reach from compatriots NextEV NIO. The fight to avoid the wooden spoon was also a tight one on the final day, with just seven points separating Andretti in seventh from Jaguar Racing in tenth.
The full entry list for the 2017 Montreal ePrix II is displayed below:
There would be no changes to the qualifying format for the final race of the 2016/17 season, with the field split into four groups of five drivers to begin qualifying. Each group would have six minutes to set a single full power lap, with the overall order made up from each driver's best effort. The top five overall would then proceed to Super Pole, where they would have one shot at a full power lap on an empty circuit to try and claim pole position.
Throughout season three the first group had been the worst group to qualify in, so when Sébastien Buemi was drawn in the first quintet of the afternoon it seemed as if the title fight had swung massively in his rival's favour. The Swiss racer would be, regardless, be favourite from the quintet to get to Super Pole, although José María López had looked strong all weekend. Loïc Duval would hope that fastest lap on Saturday could inspire him to a better result, while Maro Engel and Adam Carroll aspired to top ten slots at best.
A general lack of grip for the first group of the day proved decisive for title pretending Buemi, as the Swiss racer produced a dismal effort after locking up badly at turn one. Even worse for the Swiss racer was the fact that he was only third fastest of the group, with Lopez and Duval both sneaking ahead of him in spite of mutual moments into turn one. Engel was half a second off having set his time first, while Carroll was largely out of control on his lap to record the slowest time overall.
Practice pace setter Felix Rosenqvist headlined group two for Mahindra Racing, having set a new circuit record earlier in the day. He would be up against another single lap star in the form of Jean-Éric Vergne, who was heading into the final round of the season desperate to take victory at last. Elsewhere, Jérôme d'Ambrosio would hope to at least get a competitive time in at all having failed to do so on Saturday, while Tom Dillmann and Mitch Evans were looking to defeat their teammates one last time.
Track evolution was expected to play a part in qualifying on Sunday, but that could not explain the huge jump in times for the second group, as Rosenqvist and Vergne took a second out of the earlier groups' efforts. Of the pair, Rosenqvist was faster with a 1:22.051, while Vergne was three tenths off with a 1:22.378. Dillmann's effort then made it impossible for Buemi to claim a Super Pole slot moments later, while d'Ambrosio just fell shy of the 1:22.000s to nudge the Swiss race further down the order. A huge turn one lock up for Evans all but ended his effort at the first hurdle, leaving him just ahead of teammate Carroll.
The third quintet of the afternoon served as the calm before the storm, consisting as it did of five drivers only really capable of getting into the top ten at best. Of those, Stéphane Sarrazin seemed the most likely, if he could get a clean lap in in the Techeetah, while the NextEV NIOs of Oliver Turvey and Nelson Piquet Jr. were strong over one lap. They would also be joined on circuit by the Andretti duo of Robin Frijns and António Félix da Costa.
Star of the third session would be Piquet Jr., although his effort of 1:22.972 left him out of the Super Pole hunt having locked up the rear wheels at turn ten. The rest of the runners were in the 1:23.000s, Sarrazin slotting in just a thousandth ahead of d'Ambrosio, while da Costa, Frijns and Turvey were a tenth apart behind the best of the group one runners.
The final five to hit the circuit in Montreal were all contenders for Super Pole, headlined as they were by Championship leader Lucas di Grassi, who could make it nigh-impossible for Buemi to win the Championship if he claimed pole. Also in action would be his teammate Daniel Abt, although Renault e.Dams could try some dirty tricks on the ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport effort as Nicolas Prost was also in action. Nick Heidfeld and Sam Bird, meanwhile, would be looking to get into Super Pole to end the season on a high, their teams still fighting for third in the Championship.
The action was instant for the final group session of the season, as Prost, di Grassi and Abt all left as one to set their efforts, leaving Bird and Heidfeld in the pits. Of the early trio it was Prost who led the charge, although his effort of 1:22.721 left him shy of Super Pole when Abt charged past to claim a 1:22.694. Next came di Grassi with a 1:22.459 to go third fastest overall, only for first Heidfeld and then Bird to charge across the line, the latter going fastest overall with a 1:22.012.
Having just run in the final group it was di Grassi who got things underway in Super Pole, although that recent run did little to improve his performance. Indeed, an oh-so familiar lock up into turn one ended his run early on, the Brazilian ultimately recording a 1:23.557 after battling around the rest of the circuit. Heidfeld compounded his poor effort by simply driving a precise, if risk free, lap to record a 1:23.041, meaning di Grassi headed into the finale with an eighteen point advantage over Buemi.
With Hiedfeld out of the way it was Vergne's turn to hit the circuit, and a perfect opening to his lap saw him claim a 1::22.769, faster than the pole time from Saturday. Rosenqvist went next and was nothing short of stunning, a small mistake into turn five more than made up for with a perfect run through the final sector, leaving the Swede with a 1:22.344.
Finally it was Bird's turn, and a perfect first sector for the Brit saw him open his lap a quarter of a second up on Rosenqvist's time. He was clearly throwing everything at his effort, a fact proved when the rear of the Virgin got away from Bird at turn seven, ending his hopes of pole. Half a lap later and Bird was across the line with a 1:22.559 knowing that mistake had cost him pole, and left him just a point clear of pole sitter Rosenqvist in their fight for third.
The final qualifying result for the 2017 Montreal ePrix II are outlined below:
|2017 Montreal ePrix II Qualifying Result|
|1st||19||Felix Rosenqvist||Mahindra Racing||1:22.344||—||1|
|2nd||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||1:22.559||+0.215s||2|
|4th||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||1:23.041||+0.697s||4|
|5th||11||Lucas di Grassi||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||1:23.557||+1.213s||5|
|1st||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||1:22.012||—||SP|
|2nd||19||Felix Rosenqvist||Mahindra Racing||1:22.051||+0.039s||SP|
|4th||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||1:22.423||+0.411s||SP|
|5th||11||Lucas di Grassi||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||1:22.459||+0.447s||SP|
|6th||66||Daniel Abt||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||1:22.694||+0.682s||6|
|7th*||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||1:22.721||+0.509s||PL|
|9th||3||Nelson Piquet Jr.||NextEV NIO||1:22.972||+0.960s||8|
|11th||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||1:23.058||+1.046s||10|
|12th||37||José María López||DS Virgin Racing||1:23.313||+1.301s||11|
|13th||6||Loïc Duval||Dragon Racing||1:23.337||+1.325s||12|
|14th||9||Sébastien Buemi||Renault e.Dams||1:23.372||+1.360s||13|
|15th||28||António Félix da Costa||Andretti Formula E||1:23.635||+1.623s||14|
|16th||27||Robin Frijns||Andretti Formula E||1:23.655||+1.643s||15|
|17th||88||Oliver Turvey||NextEV NIO||1:23.709||+1.697s||16|
|18th||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||1:23.755||+1.743s||17|
|20th||47||Adam Carroll||Jaguar Racing||1:24.024||+2.012s||19|
|110% Time: 1:30.213|
- * Prost received a 20 place grid penalty after work was carried out in parc fermé.
It was slightly warmer on Sunday afternoon in Montreal heading into the season three finale, with temperatures hitting 27°C, and 31°C on track. That, combined with the lengthened race distance, ensured that the final race of the season would, as ever, be dictated by battery temperatures, although with no major issues on Saturday in similar conditions concerns were somewhat subsided. That meant all of the attention could be placed on the title fight, with Lucas di Grassi only needing to finish ahead of Sébastien Buemi to claim his maiden crown.
A strong start from Felix Rosenqvist on pole allowed the Swede to sweep across to the inside to defend into turn one, leaving Sam Bird to defend from Jean-Éric Vergne. The Frenchman duly barged his way around the outside to claim second, just as teammate Stéphane Sarrazin spun himself in the middle of the pack after hitting Daniel Abt. The rest of the pack took avoiding action, although as the Frenchman tried to pull himself around he drove straight into Adam Carroll.
In the midst of the Sarrazin melee title protagonist Buemi would be tagged by António Félix da Costa, with the nose of the Andretti breaking one of the Renault e.Dams' rear pods. That was left dangling off the back of the car for the rest of the lap, with Buemi weaving about in tenth to try and shake the bodywork. He was so pre-occupied with his trailing carbon fibre that Loïc Duval dived past him into turn six, before the Swiss racer was shown a mechanical flag at the end of the lap.
Out front, meanwhile, Rosenqvist would lead across the line at the end of the opening lap, although he made his first mistake of the day by running wide into the first corner. Vergne also locked up allowing Bird to look into making a move, while behind, José María López took sixth away from di Grassi into turn two. Daniel Abt was next fighting a rear-guard against Jérôme d'Ambrosio, losing out to the Belgian at turn three, re-passing the Dragon into turn six, before running side-by-side with d'Ambrosio until they entered the "Bus Stop", with Abt just holding onto seventh.
Behind, Buemi's title fight was seemingly over, for although his trailing bodywork had flown off at the end of the start/finish straight, the Swiss racer was still forced to come in at the end of lap two. Buemi, swearing profusely in his native tongue, did as was instructed, coming to a stop in his pit box before immediately sprinting back out of the pits. He rejoined at the very back of the field behind teammate Nicolas Prost, who had been made to start from the pitlane after changes made in parc fermé after qualifying.
Back with the lead group and Rosenqvist and Vergne were pulling clear of Bird, who was about to lose third to a charging Nick Heidfeld into turn six. Bird then proceeded to slip behind Tom Dillmann on the following lap, although as he barged his way back past through turn four the Brit managed to damage his steering. Despite that, the attentions of Dillmann seemed to spark Bird back into life, with the DS Virgin suddenly closing back up onto Heidfeld as Rosenqvist escaped from Vergne.
By lap twelve, however, Vergne was back under the rear wing of Rosenqvist, lining up moves into turn one and turn six but to no avail. At the other end of the field, meanwhile, Prost would wave Buemi past at turn one, while Heidfeld came under attack from Bird at the same corner next time by. The Brit's attentions on the German allowed Dillmann to try and sneak past, although he instead turned into the victim when López dived past him on the exit.
Later on on lap thirteen Bird finally gained his revenge on Heidfeld, diving past the Mahindra into turn six despite Heidfeld's attempts to defend. López would copy his teammate's move on the following lap, leaving the German to fall away over the following laps. That proved to be the last significant change to the order until Maro Engel and Nelson Piquet Jr. stopped on lap seventeen, signalling the start of the pit window.
Indeed, on lap eighteen Rosenqvist would lead the majority of the field into the pits for their stops, while Vergne, López, di Grassi, Abt, Duval, Robin Frijns, Mitch Evans and Carroll carried on. They duly stopped on the following lap, with Rosenqvist effectively gaining time over Vergne at the head of the field. Other changes saw both ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport drop to the back of the top ten, with Abt ahead of di Grassi, with the latter having to fend off a challenge from Piquet into turn three as he rejoined.
Abt duly waved his teammate back past into turn ten when a gap appeared between the Brazilian and Piquet, as Prost made a late stop at the end of lap twenty. At the back, meanwhile, Buemi would close onto the back of da Costa and Evans as they duelled through the first half of the lap, with the Swiss racer passing both in the space of two laps. He would follow that up with a dive on Piquet on lap 23, just after di Grassi and Abt went past d'Ambrosio at turns three and six with identical dives.
A few laps later and di Grassi was attacking Dillmann for seventh, moments after the Frenchman almost took teammate Engel out while fighting for sixth. The Brazilian elbowed his way through at turn three, with Abt again following his title challenging teammate through with a lunge at turn six. Behind, Buemi was closing in on the points with a FanBoost assisted move on Robin Frijns, while e.Dams decided to go fastest lap hunting by pulling Prost in from the back of the field to change his setup.
Next up on the di Grassi hit-list would be Engel, although after one initial attack on the German was blocked, Engel threw himself into a spin on the inside of turn one. Engel had thrown his Venturi up the inside of the Brazilian on the brakes after di Grassi blasted past on the straight, but that lack of control ultimately saw him lock his rear wheels. That allowed Abt and d'Ambrosio, who had earlier dealt with Dillmann, to sneak through, with Engel rejoining just ahead of the Frenchman.
Away from the Championship fight and Vergne had finally got back into striking position behind Rosenqvist, ultimately getting a run on the Mahindra into turn one on lap 29. However, Rosenqvist would then focus on re-gen through turn two, allowing Vergne to make another run on the drag into turn three, lunging up the inside into the 90° right hander from a long way back. This time Rosenqvist was not expecting the move and so was too late to defend, meaning Vergne was clear to scramble away to try and claim a maiden victory.
Elsewhere, Bird was under attack from teammate López as the race headed into its closing the stages, the Brit deciding not to defend against the Argentine's lunge into turn one. Elsewhere, Duval launched a lunge at Engel for elventh at turn one, only to have Evans try and sneak his Jaguar past on the exit. Duval swatted the Kiwi aside only for Evans to try another move into turn six, before Evans almost got past into turn nine, only for Duval to squeeze him into the wall. The latter move allowed Buemi to dart past the Jaguar into the "Bus Stop", before he sent his Renault diving past Duval into turn one for twelfth.
That would soon become eleventh when Engel was powerless to defend from the Swiss racer, leaving Duval to try to pass the German once again. His efforts were aided by the fact that Frijns had moved past Evans behind, although when the Dutchman tried to dive inside the Dragon into turn three, it would ultimately spell the end of the Frenchman's race. Indeed, Duval was overly aggressive in his defence and tried to sweep across the nose of the Andretti at the apex, only to get spat out into the outside wall on the exit.
The Dragon was left shattered in the barriers, although with just two laps to go there was little point in throwing a safety car. Regardless, Vergne would come home to claim his first FE victory from Rosenqvist, while López and Bird were on their own in third and fourth. Heidfeld came home fifth ahead of Abt, who was waved past by di Grassi out of the "Bus Stop", with seventh more than adequate to get di Grassi his first FE Championship victory. Sarrazin finished in eighth after a late move on d'Ambrosio, while Dillmann came home in tenth, just ahead of out-going Champion Buemi.
The final classification of the 2017 Montreal ePrix II is displayed below, with the fastest lap setter indicated in italics, and the pole sitter shown in bold:
|2017 Montreal ePrix II Race Result|
|Pos.||No.||Name||Team||Laps||Race Time||Fastest lap||Pts.|
|2nd||19||Felix Rosenqvist||Mahindra Racing||37||+0.896s||1:25.396||21|
|3rd||37||José María López||DS Virgin Racing||37||+4.468s||1:24.839||15|
|4th||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||37||+7.114s||1:25.387||12|
|5th||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||37||+21.933s||1:26.028||10|
|6th||66||Daniel Abt||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||37||+24.444s||1:25.247||8|
|7th||11||Lucas di Grassi||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||37||+24.855s||1:25.451||6|
|9th||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||37||+28.282s||1:25.927||2|
|11th||9||Sébastien Buemi||Renault e.Dams||37||+35.170s||1:24.916|
|12th||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||37||+36.548s||1:25.137|
|13th||27||Robin Frijns||Andretti Formula E||37||+36.826s||1:25.570|
|14th||47||Adam Carroll||Jaguar Racing||37||+36.972s||1:25.785|
|15th||28||António Félix da Costa||Andretti Formula E||37||+39.720s||1:25.862|
|16th||3||Nelson Piquet Jr.||NextEV NIO||37||+46.751s||1:25.043|
|17th||88||Oliver Turvey||NextEV NIO||37||+49.116s||1:25.937|
|19th||6||Loïc Duval||Dragon Racing||34||+3 Laps||1:25.883|
|Ret||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||32||Retired||1:23.444||1|
- Indicates a driver was awarded FanBoost during the race.
- Lucas di Grassi declared the 2016/17 FIA Formula E Championship Champion.
- Renault e.Dams claimed their third straight victory in the Teams' Championship.
- Second Montreal ePrix.
- Felix Rosenqvist earned his third career pole position.
- Also the third pole position for Mahindra Racing as an entrant.
- Maiden FE victory for Jean-Éric Vergne.
- Techeetah claimed their first victory as an entrant.
- Powertrain manufacturers Renault earned their twelfth victory.
- Second podium finish for José María López.
- Third fastest lap set by Nicolas Prost.
- This ensured that Renault e.Dams kept up their scoring streak since the 2014 Beijing ePrix.
Having only led the Championship for two days across the 2016/17 season, it would be Lucas di Grassi who claimed the title, his final tally of 181 a record for the series. His margin over Sébastien Buemi, standing at 24 points, was also the largest FE had seen, although in truth the Swiss racer had thrown his second title away after a miserable Montreal weekend. Third place went to Felix Rosenqvist on the final day, overhauling Sam Bird by finishing on the podium.
Despite only claiming a single point in the season finale, Renault e.Dams secured their third straight Teams' Championship title, which had been their priority after Buemi's dismal Saturday. ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport ended the season as close as they had been all season, twenty points back, while Mahindra Racing secured third place after a strong season. DS Virgin Racing were 25 points behind come season end, while Techeetah had secured fifth on Saturday. Jaguar Racing ended their debut season bottom of the table, but only seven points off of seventh placed Andretti.
Only point scoring drivers and teams are shown.
Videos and Images:
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 'FIA RELEASES REVISED SEASON THREE CALENDAR: DATE SWAP FOR NEW YORK CITY AND MONTREAL', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 28/09/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/september/fia-releases-revised-season-three-formula-e-calendar/, (Accessed 28/09/2016)
- ↑ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 'Rosenqvist takes pole as Buemi struggles', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 30/07/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/july/rosenqvist-takes-pole-as-buemi-struggles/, (Accessed 30/07/2017)
- ↑ 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 'Vergne victorious, Di Grassi wins title', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 30/07/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/july/vergne-victorious-di-grassi-wins-title/, (Accessed 30/07/2017)
- ↑ 'FanBoost opens for second Montreal ePrix', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 29/07/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/july/fanboost-opens-for-second-montreal-eprix/, (Accessed 30/07/2017)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 'Round 12 - Montreal ePrix: Results Booklet', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 30/07/2017), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/02_2016-17/12_R12%20Montreal/78_FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/20_R12%20Montreal%20Booklet.pdf, (Accessed 24/05/2018)
- ↑ 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 'Buemi draws Group 1 for crucial qualifying', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 30/07/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/july/buemi-draws-group-1-for-crucial-qualifying/, (Accessed 30/07/2017)
- ↑ 'Rosenqvist heads final practice times', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 30/07/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/july/rosenqvist-heads-final-practice-times/, (Accessed 30/07/2017)
- ↑ 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26 8.27 8.28 8.29 8.30 8.31 8.32 8.33 8.34 8.35 8.36 8.37 8.38 8.39 8.40 8.41 8.42 8.43 8.44 8.45 8.46 8.47 8.48 8.49 ABB Formula E, 'Formula E Full Race Show: 2017 FIA Formula E Hydro-Quebec Montreal ePrix - Sunday', youtube.com, (YouTube: ABB FIA Formula E Championship, 30/07/2017), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nhreea223yY, (Accessed 24/05/2018)