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Flag of Hong Kong 2016 Hong Kong ePrix
Hong Kong Layout
Hong Kong's first ever ePrix layout.
Race Information
Date 9th October 2016
Official Name 2016 FIA Formula E HKT Hong Kong ePrix
Location Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong Harbourfront Circuit
Lap length 1.860km (1.156mi)[1]
Distance 45 laps / 83.700km (52.009mi)
Qualifying Result
Pole Sitter Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr.
Team People's Republic of China NextEV NIO
Time 1:03.099
Fastest Lap
Driver Flag of Sweden Felix Rosenqvist
Fastest Lap 1:02.947 on lap 36
ePrix Result
First Second Third
Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Brazil Lucas di Grassi Germany Nick Heidfeld
Winner Team France Renault e.Dams
Time 0:53:13.298
ePrix Guide
Previous Next
London II Marrakech
The 2016 Hong Kong ePrix, officially known as the HKT Hong Kong ePrix, was the opening round of the 2016/17 FIA Formula E Championship, and was the debut for Hong Kong as a host city for the series.[2] The race was held on the 9th of October 2016, and saw five drivers and two teams make their debuts in the series.

Qualifying would be a rather confused affair after Robin Frijns crashed heavily at the chicane, writing off his car and damaging the tec-pro barriers to cause a thirty minute delay.[3] That delay meant that the Super Pole shootout was cancelled, leaving Nelson Piquet Jr. on pole for the first time with NextEV NIO teammate Oliver Turvey completing the front row.[3]

When the lights went out at the start it would be the two NextEVs that led the race, slithering into the first corner at the head of the field after a clean start throughout the field.[4] The clean start would not last, however, and as the field concertinered into the slow turn two left hander, contact became inevitable.[4] The first tap was made between the two DS Virgin Racing cars of José María López and Sam Bird, which would have consequences later on, while an unsighted Lucas di Grassi smashed his front wing by hitting the back of Ma Qing Hua, who was propelled over the back of Daniel Abt as a result.[4]

Ma would be out with severe damage to his car, while the two ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport drivers would be forced to pit to have damage repaired.[4] Lopez, meanwhile, was tumbling down the order with damage on the left rear, while Bird and Sébastien Buemi elbowed their way past Turvey and attempted to hunt down Piquet out front.[4] They would never catch the Brazilian, however, as he had no choice but to hit the wall at the chicane to avoid the wrecked Virgin of Lopez, out after a complete suspension failure.[4]

The resulting safety car period would see Buemi pit while Bird stayed out, attempting to extend his stint in the first car before pushing in the second, the reverse of Buemi.[4] Three laps after the safety car returned to the pits and Bird was in, but a problem starting his second car dumped him a lap down and out of contention.[4] He would set about unlapping himself as soon as he rejoined, but he would require a safety car to get back into the pack.[4]

Ultimately a second safety car would never come, leaving Buemi to cruise home to open his title defence with a win.[4] di Grassi claimed second despite having to stop for a new nose, while Nick Heidfeld survived a last minute power scare to claim third, ahead of Nicolas Prost.[4] António Félix da Costa and Frijns were notable highlights as they complete the top six after their late race push, while debutante Felix Rosenqvist set the fastest lap to earn his first point.[4]

BackgroundEdit

It would be a busy summer after the conclusion of the 2015/16 campaign, as the teams and manufacturers set about completing the testing on their new 2016/17 challengers. The entire field would gather for the 2016 Donington Test in late August, with six days of testing allowing teams to get their cars up to speed. It would also allow Jaguar and Penske to test their new designs for the series, with the former also using the test to evaluate four different drivers for their first FE campaign.[5]

Jaguar had joined the series after the demise of the Trulli Formula E Team and their partners Motomatica, who had withdrawn from the series in December 2015.[6] Their new car, the Jaguar I-Type 1, ran publicly for the first time at the Donington Test, where Mitch Evans and Adam Carroll managed to secure full race seats for the new season.[5] Both Evans and Carroll would make their debuts in the series in Hong Kong, with the former also becoming the first New Zealander to race in FE.[5]

Elsewhere, Penske came in to build a powertrain for sister-programme Dragon Racing, who had also secured a major sponsor in the form of Faraday Future.[7] Familiar racers Jérôme d'Ambrosio and Loïc Duval were retained, with both getting their first taste of the car at the Donington Test where the car proved to be reliable and relatively quick.

The other new group in FE would be found in the form of Techeetah, a Chinese backed effort which took over from former entrant Team Aguri.[8] New owners SECA spent big over the summer, partnering Ma Qing Hua with Jean-Eric Vergne, poached from DS Virgin Racing, while also securing a deal to run what proved to be the quickest car at the Donington Tests.[8] Indeed, Techeetah would enter their maiden FE season as a Renault customer team, using identical cars to the double Champions Renault e.Dams.[8]

Speaking of the defending Champions and e.Dams were unchanged from 2015/16, with Sébastien Buemi, the defending drivers Champion, and Nicolas Prost retained.[9] It would be Buemi who pushed the Renault Z.E. 16 to its limits in Donington, setting a new circuit record on the final day, heading the outright pace table with Vergne and Prost. The new car also proved to be reliable, with no major problems occurring, leaving the French outfit as favourites to take the series once again.

Their major rivals, other than Techeetah, looked set to be DS Virgin Racing, after Sam Bird put their latest creation into fourth at Dongington Park, the first non-Renault on outright pace.[10] They had filled their second seat with WTCC Champion José María López, while the new car looked a better overall package than their previous contender. A team in a similar position would be Mahindra Racing, who fielded a new boy in the form of Felix Rosenqvist alongside an FE veteran in Nick Heidfeld, although their Donington Test would be less successful pace wise.[11]

ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport were unchanged from the previous season, as Lucas di Grassi and Daniel Abt once again set to battle with news that Audi would be taking over the team from 2017/18.[12] Another unchanged team would be the renamed NextEV NIO, who had Nelson Piquet Jr. and Oliver Turvey back in action, with major revisions allowing their car to run reliably at the test.[13]

The final two teams in the field were Venturi and Andretti, with both fielding their own cars with new driver line ups. For Venturi, new German sponsorship saw Maro Engel drafted in to partner Stéphane Sarrazin as they hoped to improve upon their 2015/16 results, although the new car would be near the bottom of the times in Donington.[14] For Andretti, a gruelling test programme meant that their new car, the Andretti ATEC-02 would actually make it to a race before being withdrawn, with António Félix da Costa brought in to join Robin Frijns.[15] On the 27th of September BMW confirmed that they would be partnering with Andretti in Formula E, funding da Costa's seat while also preparing to provide full factory backing for the 2018/19 season.[16] The German car manufacturer also announced their continuation as the official vehicle supplier for the series.[16]

Mercedes-Benz were another manufacturer to announce their interest in Formula E in the build up to the Hong Kong season opener, with the Stuttgart squad plotting a joint Formula One and FE campaign.[17] An agreement between Formula E Holdings and Mercedes Grand Prix saw the latter reserve a position to join the 2018/19 season as a manufacturer, the first season in which every FE car would be expected to complete the full race distance.[17] They would join another F1 constructor in the form of McLaren, who were confirmed as the sole battery supplier for the fifth season as they deepened their involvement in the series.[18]

FanBoost was also confirmed for the third season of Formula E, with voting for the opening round opening on the 26th of September.[19]

Entry ListEdit

The full entry list for the 2016 Hong Kong ePrix is displayed below:

2016 Hong Kong ePrix Entry List
No. Nat. Name Entrant Constructor Car
2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird Flag of the United Kingdom DS Virgin Racing DS Virgin DSV-02
3 Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. People's Republic of China NextEV NIO NEXTEV TCR FormulaE 002
4 France Stéphane Sarrazin Monaco Venturi Formula E Team Venturi VM200-FE-02
5 Germany Maro Engel Monaco Venturi Formula E Team Venturi VM200-FE-02
6 France Loïc Duval Flag of the United States Faraday Future Dragon Racing Penske 701-EV
7 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Flag of the United States Faraday Future Dragon Racing Penske 701-EV
8 France Nicolas Prost France Renault e.Dams Renault Z.E. 16
9 Switzerland Sébastien Buemi France Renault e.Dams Renault Z.E. 16
11 Brazil Lucas di Grassi Germany ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler FE02
19 Flag of Sweden Felix Rosenqvist Flag of India Mahindra Racing Mahindra M3 Electro
20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing Jaguar I-Type 1
23 Germany Nick Heidfeld Flag of India Mahindra Racing Mahindra M3 Electro
25 France Jean-Eric Vergne People's Republic of China Techeetah Renault Z.E. 16
27 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns Flag of the United States MS Amlin Andretti Andretti ATEC-02
28 Portugal António Félix da Costa Flag of the United States MS Amlin Andretti Andretti ATEC-02
33 People's Republic of China Ma Qing Hua People's Republic of China Techeetah Renault Z.E. 16
37 Argentina José María López Flag of the United Kingdom DS Virgin Racing DS Virgin DSV-02
47 Flag of the United Kingdom Adam Carroll Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing Jaguar I-Type 1
66 Germany Daniel Abt Germany ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler FE02
88 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey People's Republic of China NextEV NIO NEXTEV TCR FormulaE 002
Source:[20]

PracticeEdit

FP1Edit

FP2Edit

QualifyingEdit

The first qualifying session of the new season would see no changes to the format established during the 2015/16 season, with four qualifying groups, formed by a lottery draw held on Saturday.[20] Each group featured five drivers, who would all go out on circuit in a six minute run to set one lap at the full 200kW power output.[20] The fastest five from the combined group table would then proceed to the Super Pole Shootout, with the slowest of the fastest five going out first to set a lap on an empty track with the rest of the fastest five going out to an empty track to try and set a time good enough for pole.[20]

Group 1Edit

The first group of the season would see Nicolas Prost become the first of the title pretenders to hit the circuit as he headlined the opening quintet.[20] Adam Carroll and the Jaguar Racing effort would get their first chance to qualify in the series, with the rest of the group made up of familiar FE faces.[20] Those three would be Stéphane Sarrazin, Loïc Duval and Nick Heidfeld, meaning five different powertrains would be on show in the first group.[20]

The first group of the day would be running on a modified circuit after practice, a sausage kerb having been removed after FP2 at the first chicane.[3] Best of the bunch proved to be Duval, who shocked a fair number of the field by beating Prost by over a tenth of a second.[3] Heidfeld was only a tenth further back in third, while Carroll beat Sarrazin by a tenth as they finished the first group over half a second off of Duval's best effort.[3]

Group 2Edit

Lucas di Grassi, another pre-season favourite and FE runner-up from 2015/16, headlined the second group, as the four other manufacturers put their latest tech on display.[20] Sam Bird was in action for DS Virgin Racing, António Félix da Costa would make his debut for Andretti and Oliver Turvey was to get the season underway for NextEV NIO.[20] Also out on circuit would be the second debuting team Techeetah, as Ma Qing Hua put their privately entered Renault powertrains into play.[20]

It would be group two's headline act that wrote the headlines for the second quintet, although not for the right reasons.[3] The Brazilian misjudged the reformed chicane on his full power lap and smacked into the barrier on the inside wall, wiping out his front left suspension.[3] Fortunately, di Grassi was at the back of the group and so the yellow flags did not disrupt the rest of the runners, as Turvey went to the top of the times ahead of Bird, with just two hundredths of a second between them.[3]

Group 3Edit

The third quintet of the session would see a mix of experience and youth head onto the circuit, with 2014/15 Champion Nelson Piquet Jr. the most experience of the quintet.[20] Felix Rosenqvist would get his first taste of FE qualifying when he hit the circuit, while Mitch Evans would become the youngest ever driver in the series when he set out for Jaguar.[20] Jean-Eric Vergne and Robin Frijns completed the group for Techeetah and Andretti respectively.[20]

Group three would also see an accident at the chicane, although this one was far more disruptive, requiring a thirty minute delay to repair the barriers.[3] Frijns was the man to crash, having misjudged his entry speed and ploughed into the tec-pro barriers, managing to split the monocoque of his car meaning it was doubtful whether he could complete the race.[3] Vergne was an unfortunate victim of the crash, narrowly avoiding the smashed Andretti having just set the fastest first sector, while Piquet had gone to the top of the times with a 1:03.099.[3]

Group 4Edit

The final group would see the 2015/16 Champion, and widely regarded favourite, Sébastien Buemi open his title defence as he headlined the final five.[20] Daniel Abt looked to be his closest challenger with the ABT machine, while Jérôme d'Ambrosio was a threat given his previous one-lap pace.[20] Two new boys would also get their first taste of FE action, with Maro Engel and José María López completing the group.[20]

The delay may have affected the minds of the drivers in the final group, with Buemi a shock fifth as the final group brought an end to the session.[3] The pre-season favourite did not even manage to top the group, beaten by the rookie Lopez, who squeezed in between Turvey and Bird, with Abt three tenths off the back of the Swiss racer.[3] Engel beat his teammate Sarrazin on his qualifying debut, while d'Ambrosio qualified as the slowest of those in the group phase to set a time with the maximum power.[3]

Super PoleEdit

Due to the delay in clearing up the circuit after Frijn's accident, and the need for the cars to be charged ahead of the race, the Super Pole shootout was cancelled, with the grid settled based on the result of the group stages.[3] That meant that Piquet Jr. would start from pole ahead of teammate Turvey, with Lopez and Bird completing the second row ahead of Buemi.[3]

Post QualifyingEdit

The final qualifying result for the 2016 Hong Kong ePrix are outlined below:

2016 Hong Kong ePrix Qualifying Result
Pos. No. Nat. Name Team Time Gap Grid
1st 3 Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. NextEV NIO 1:03.099 1
2nd 88 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey NextEV NIO 1:03.231 +0.132s 2
3rd 37 Argentina José María López DS Virgin Racing 1:03.251 +0.152s 3
4th 2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird DS Virgin Racing 1:03.258 +0.159s 4
5th 9 Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Renault e.Dams 1:03.317 +0.218s 5
Super Pole*
1st 3 Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. NextEV NIO 1:03.099 SP
2nd 88 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey NextEV NIO 1:03.231 +0.132s SP
3rd 37 Argentina José María López DS Virgin Racing 1:03.251 +0.152s SP
4th 2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird DS Virgin Racing 1:03.258 +0.159s SP
5th 9 Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Renault e.Dams 1:03.317 +0.218s SP
6th 19 Flag of Sweden Felix Rosenqvist Mahindra Racing 1:03.332 +0.233s 6
7th 66 Germany Daniel Abt ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport 1:03.615 +0.516s 7
8th 6 France Loïc Duval Dragon Racing 1:03.637 +0.538s 8
9th 25 France Jean-Eric Vergne Techeetah 1:03.750 +0.651s 9
10th 8 France Nicolas Prost Renault e.Dams 1:03.759 +0.660s 10
11th 23 Germany Nick Heidfeld Mahindra Racing 1:03.848 +0.749s 11
12th 5 Germany Maro Engel Venturi 1:03.915 +0.816s 12
13th 28 Portugal António Félix da Costa Andretti 1:04.057 +0.958s 13
14th 47 Flag of the United Kingdom Adam Carroll Jaguar Racing 1:04.428 +1.329s 17
15th 4 France Stéphane Sarrazin Venturi 1:04.520 +1.421s 14
16th 20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans Jaguar Racing 1:04.588 +1.489s 15
17th 33 People's Republic of China Ma Qing Hua Techeetah 1:04.740 +1.641s 16
18th 7 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Dragon Racing 1:05.166 +2.067s 18
19th 11 Germany Lucas di Grassi ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport 1:08.094 +4.995s 19
20th 27 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns Andretti 1:10.407 +7.308s 20
Source:[21]
  • * Super Pole Shootout not staged due to time constraints.[3]

RaceEdit

Despite a cloud filled sky hanging over Hong Kong, the circuit was dry as the field were assembled on the pre-race grid, as 30,000 people gathered to watch.[4] All twenty drivers would start the race, although there was some frantic work at Andretti, as they rushed to complete Robin Frijns' second car in time for the second part of the race.[4] Otherwise there were no concerns for the field as they were signalled to pull into their proper grid slots, with some minor changes at the back of the pack due to post-qualifying penalties.[4]

ReportEdit

ResultEdit

The final classification of the 2016 Hong Kong ePrix is displayed below, with the fastest lap setter indicated in italics, and the pole sitter shown in bold.

2016 Hong Kong ePrix Race Result
Pos. No. Nat. Name Team Laps Race Time Fastest lap Pts.
1st 9 Switzerland Sébastien Buemi FanBoosticon Renault e.Dams 45 0:53:13.298 1:04.256 25
2nd 11 Brazil Lucas di Grassi FanBoosticon ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport 45 +2.477s 1:03.648 18
3rd 23 Germany Nick Heidfeld Mahindra Racing 45 +5.522s 1:05.085 15
4th 8 France Nicolas Prost Renault e.Dams 45 +7.360s 1:04.683 12
5th 28 Portugal António Félix da Costa Andretti 45 +17.987s 1:04.342 10
6th 27 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns Andretti 45 +21.161s 1:04.143 8
7th 7 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Dragon Racing 45 +28.443s 1:05.559 6
8th 88 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey NextEV NIO 45 +30.355s 1:05.344 4
9th 5 Germany Maro Engel Venturi 45 +30.898s 1:04.390 2
10th 4 France Stéphane Sarrazin Venturi 45 +31.734s 1:04.289 1
11th 3 Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. NextEV NIO 45 +35.256s 1:04.267 3
12th 47 Flag of the United Kingdom Adam Carroll Jaguar Racing 45 +43.839s 1:04.732
13th 2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird DS Virgin Racing 45 +48.058s 1:03.372
14th 6 France Loïc Duval Dragon Racing 43 +2 laps 1:04.712
15th 19 Flag of Sweden Felix Rosenqvist Mahindra Racing 43 +2 laps 1:02.947 1
Ret 66 Germany Daniel Abt ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport 34 Damage 1:03.263
Ret 25 France Jean-Eric Vergne Techeetah 31 Battery 1:03.078
Ret 20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans Jaguar Racing 24 Gearbox 1:05.474
Ret 37 Argentina José María López FanBoosticon DS Virgin Racing 15 Accident 1:05.344
Ret 33 People's Republic of China Ma Qing Hua Techeetah 1 Damage N/A
Source:[21]

MilestonesEdit

StandingsEdit

Victory for the defending Champion meant it was a perfect start to the season for Sébastien Buemi, with a seven point gap back to Lucas di Grassi after the opening round. Nick Heidfeld left the opening round in third, matching his start from season two, ahead of Nicolas Prost after their late race energy panic. António Félix da Costa and Robin Frijns battled well to start the season in the points, while pole starter Nelson Piquet Jr. found himself in ninth despite failing to score in the race.

Renault e.Dams were living up to their mantle as pre-season favourites, with Buemi's win and Prost's fourth enough to see them leave Hong Kong with a fair advantage at the top of the Teams' Standings. A nineteen point gap had been established between e.Dams and nearest challengers ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport, who were level on points with Andretti. Mahindra Racing were two points back in fourth, with NextEV NIO, Dragon Racing and Venturi also on the board.

 
2016/17 Drivers' Championship
Pos. Nat. Name Pts. +/-
1st Switzerland Sébastien Buemi 25 ◄0
2nd Brazil Lucas di Grassi 18 ◄0
3rd Germany Nick Heidfeld 15 ◄0
4th France Nicolas Prost 12 ◄0
5th Portugal António Félix da Costa 10 ◄0
6th Dutch Flag Robin Frijns 8 ◄0
7th Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio 6 ◄0
8th Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey 4 ◄0
9th Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. 3 ◄0
10th Germany Maro Engel 2 ◄0
11th France Stéphane Sarrazin 1 ◄0
12th Flag of Sweden Felix Rosenqvist 1 ◄0
2016/17 Teams' Championship
Pos. Nat. Name Pts. +/-
1st France Renault e.Dams 37 ◄0
2nd Germany ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport 18 ◄0
3rd Flag of the United States Andretti 18 ◄0
4th Flag of India Mahindra Racing 16 ◄0
5th People's Republic of China NextEV NIO 7 ◄0
6th Flag of the United States Dragon Racing 6 ◄0
7th Monaco Venturi 3 ◄0

Only point scoring drivers and teams are shown.

ReferencesEdit

Videos and Images:

References:
  1. 'Calendar: HONG KONG' fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 2016), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/calendar, (Accessed 04/10/2016)
  2. 'Drive the Future', hkformulae.com, (HK Eprix, 2016), http://www.hkformulae.com/, (Accessed 17/09/2016)
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 'Piquet takes pole in Hong Kong', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/10/2016), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/october/piquet-takes-pole-in-hong-kong/, (Accessed 09/10/2016)
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 'Buemi holds on in Hong Kong', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/10/2016), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/october/buemi-holds-on-in-hong-kong/, (Accessed 09/10/2016)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 'Jaguar returns to global motor sport', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/12/2015), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2015/december/jaguar-returns-to-racing.aspx, (Accessed 15/12/2015)
  6. 'Trulli Formula E Team announce withdrawal from championship', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/12/2015), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2015/december/trulli-announcement.aspx, (Accessed 15/12/2015)
  7. 'ALEJANDRO AGAG WELCOMES VISIONARY TECH FIRM TO FORMULA E: FARADAY FUTURE AND DRAGON RACING ANNOUNCE LONG-TERM PARTNERSHIP', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 01/07/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/july/alejandro-agag-welcomes-visionary-tech-firm-to-formula-e/, (Accessed 08/07/2016)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 'SECA SECURE FIA FORMULA E CHAMPIONSHIP ENTRY: JEAN-ERIC VERGNE AND MA QING HUA CONFIRMED AS DRIVERS', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 07/07/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/july/seca-secure-fia-formula-e-championship-entry/, (Accessed 08/07/2016)
  9. 'Renault e.Dams confirm Buemi and Prost for 2016/17', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 20/05/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/may/renault-edams-confirm-buemi-and-prost-for-201617/, (Accessed 20/05/2016)
  10. 'DS VIRGIN RACING CONFIRM NEW LINE UP FOR 2016/17 FORMULA E SEASON: JOSE MARIA LOPEZ TO PARTNER BRITISH DRIVER SAM BIRD', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 07/07/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/july/ds-virgin-racing-confirm-new-line-up-for-201617-fia-formula-e-season/, (Accessed 08/07/2016)
  11. 'ROSENQVIST AND HEIDFELD CONFIRMED AT MAHINDRA: SWEDISH DRIVER FELIX ROSENQVIST JOINS NICK HEIDFELD AT MAHINDRA RACING FOR 2016/17 SEASON', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 22/08/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/august/rosenqvist-and-heidfeld-confirmed-at-mahindra/, (Accessed 22/08/2016)
  12. 'ABT retains drivers for season three', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 20/05/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/may/abt-retains-drivers-for-season-three/, (Accessed 20/05/2016)
  13. Sam Smith, 'NEXTEV TCR to split with Campos for season three', motorsport.com, (Motorsport Network, 24/04/2016), http://www.motorsport.com/formula-e/news/nextev-tcr-to-split-with-campos-for-season-three-689455/, (Accessed 08/07/2016)
  14. 'MARO ENGEL JOINS VENTURI FORMULA E TEAM: VENTURI LINE UP CONFIRMED FOR SEASON THREE', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 08/08/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/august/maro-engel-joins-venturi-formula-e-team/, (Accessed 09/08/2016)
  15. 'ANDRETTI COMPLETES TRACK TESTING WITH NEW POWERTRAIN: ATEC-02 TO DEBUT IN 2016/17 SEASON', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/06/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/june/andretti-completes-track-testing-with-new-powertrain/, (Accessed 08/07/2016)
  16. 16.0 16.1 'BMW ANNOUNCES ANDRETTI TIE-IN: BMW I TO CONTINUE AS OFFICIAL VEHICLE PARTNER', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 27/09/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/september/bmw-announces-andretti-tie-in/, (Accessed 27/09/2016)
  17. 17.0 17.1 'Mercedes takes option on season five entry', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 04/10/2016), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/october/mercedes-takes-option-on-season-five-entry/, (Accessed 04/10/2016)
  18. 'McLaren to supply new Formula E battery', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 28/09/2016), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/september/mclaren-to-supply-new-formula-e-battery/, (Accessed 04/10/2016)
  19. 'FANBOOST IS BACK!: VOTE NOW TO BOOST YOUR FAVOURITE DRIVER IN HONG KONG', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 26/09/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/september/fanboost-is-back/, (Accessed 26/09/2016)
  20. 20.00 20.01 20.02 20.03 20.04 20.05 20.06 20.07 20.08 20.09 20.10 20.11 20.12 20.13 20.14 20.15 'HKT Hong Kong ePrix: Qualifying groups', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 08/10/2016), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/october/hkt-hong-kong-eprix-qualifying-groups/, (Accessed 08/10/2016)
  21. 21.0 21.1 'HONG KONG, HK - EPRIX RACE RESULTS', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/10/2016), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/results/race-results/season/2022016/round/1, (Accessed 09/10/2016)

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